Jason L. Scragg

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We examined the effects of chronic hypoxia on recombinant human L-type Ca2+ channel alpha1C subunits stably expressed in HEK 293 cells, using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings. Current density was dramatically increased following 24 h exposure to chronic hypoxia (CH), and membrane channel protein levels were enhanced. CH also increased the levels of(More)
Conditions of stress, such as myocardial infarction, stimulate up-regulation of heme oxygenase (HO-1) to provide cardioprotection. Here, we show that CO, a product of heme catabolism by HO-1, directly inhibits native rat cardiomyocyte L-type Ca2+ currents and the recombinant alpha1C subunit of the human cardiac L-type Ca2+ channel. CO (applied via a(More)
Testosterone administration is beneficial in alleviating myocardial ischaemia in men with significant coronary artery disease (CAD), a condition which is associated with hypotestosteronaemia. Infusion of physiological concentrations of testosterone into coronary arteries at angiography results in rapid vasodilatation in patients with CAD. Whilst the(More)
Despite being generally perceived as detrimental to the cardiovascular system, testosterone has marked beneficial vascular effects; most notably it acutely and directly causes vasodilatation. Indeed, men with hypotestosteronaemia can present with myocardial ischemia and angina which can be rapidly alleviated by infusion of testosterone. To date, however, in(More)
Periods of chronic hypoxia, which can arise from numerous cardiorespiratory disorders, predispose individuals to the development of dementias, particularly Alzheimer's disease (AD). AD is characterized in part by the increased production of amyloid beta peptide (Abeta), which forms the extracellular plaques by which the disease can be identified post(More)
Mutations in the presenilin 1 (PS1) gene lead to early-onset Alzheimer's disease with the S170F mutation causing the earliest reported age of onset. Expression of this, and other PS1 mutations, in SH-SY5Y cells resulted in significant loss of cellular viability compared to control cells. Basal Ca2+ concentrations in PS1 mutants were never lower than(More)
Oxidative stress induces neuronal apoptosis and is implicated in cerebral ischemia, head trauma, and age-related neurodegenerative diseases. An early step in this process is the loss of intracellular K(+) via K(+) channels, and evidence indicates that K(v)2.1 is of particular importance in this regard, being rapidly inserted into the plasma membrane in(More)
The incidence of Alzheimer disease is increased following ischemic episodes, and we previously demonstrated that following chronic hypoxia (CH), amyloid beta (Abeta) peptide-mediated increases in voltage-gated L-type Ca(2+) channel activity contribute to the Ca(2+) dyshomeostasis seen in Alzheimer disease. Because in certain cell types mitochondria are(More)
Inhibition of K(+) channels in glomus cells underlies excitation of the carotid body by hypoxia. It has recently been proposed that hypoxic inhibition involves either activation of AMP activated protein kinase (AMPK) or inhibition of carbon monoxide (CO) production by heme oxygenase 2 (HO-2). In the vasculature, L-type Ca(2+) channels are also O(2)(More)
Endothelial cells (ECs) and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) play key roles in the development of intimal hyperplasia in saphenous vein (SV) bypass grafts. In diabetic patients, insulin administration controls hyperglycaemia but cardiovascular complications remain. Insulin is synthesised as a pro-peptide, from which C-peptide is cleaved and released into the(More)