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Xenobiotic and folate metabolic pathways are important for the maintenance of genetic stability and may influence susceptibility to the development of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). In this study, we investigated 10 polymorphisms in 6 genes (GSTM1-present/null, GSTT1-present/null, GSTP1 1578A > G, NQO1 609C > T, MTHFR 677C > T, MTHFR 1298A >(More)
To study genetic epidemiology of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the Chinese and Malays, we investigated 10 polymorphisms encoding carcinogen- or folate-metabolism and transport. Sex-adjusted analysis showed NQO1 609CT significantly protects against ALL, whilst MTHFR 677CT confers marginal protection. Interestingly, we observed that NQO1(More)
PURPOSE To establish whether increased end-of-day discomfort during soft contact lens wear is associated with short-term changes occurring to the lens itself. METHODS Twenty-seven subjects wore hydrogel lenses (Focus Dailies; Alcon) bilaterally for 10 hours on two separate days. Comfort was reported using 1-100 numerical rating scales (1 = intolerable(More)
OBJECTIVE To summarize the epidemiology of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC). DATA SOURCES Articles in the English language referenced in MEDLINE/PubMed from the year 2000 onward. REVIEW METHODS Relevant articles pertaining to the epidemiology of HPV-related OSCC were selected for review, with a particular(More)
OBJECTIVES Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (UTIs) have been identified as a preventable "never event" by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. We sought to determine the relationship between UTI and in-hospital mortality, postoperative complications, length of stay, and costs in head and neck cancer (HNCA) surgery. STUDY DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence suggests the incidence of oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma is increasing in young patients, many who have no history of tobacco use. METHODS We clinically reviewed 89 patients with oral tongue cancer. Exomic sequencing of tumor DNA from 6 nonsmokers was performed and compared to previously sequenced cases. RNA from 20 tumors was(More)
IMPORTANCE Human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) is a major causative factor in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). The detection of primary OPSCC is often delayed owing to the challenging anatomy of the oropharynx. OBJECTIVE To investigate the feasibility of HPV-16 DNA detection in pretreatment and posttreatment plasma and saliva and its(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the incidence of depression in head and neck cancer (HNCA) patients and the effect of depression on baseline head- and neck-specific measures of quality of life and function. STUDY DESIGN Prospective cohort analysis. METHODS A total of 255 patients were prospectively evaluated using the Beck Depression Inventory Fast-Screen(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the value of positron emission tomography (PET) with contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) in assessing the need for neck dissection by retrospectively reviewing the pathology reports of patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING(More)