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Xenobiotic and folate metabolic pathways are important for the maintenance of genetic stability and may influence susceptibility to the development of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL). In this study, we investigated 10 polymorphisms in 6 genes (GSTM1-present/null, GSTT1-present/null, GSTP1 1578A > G, NQO1 609C > T, MTHFR 677C > T, MTHFR 1298A >(More)
OBJECTIVE To summarize the epidemiology of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC). DATA SOURCES Articles in the English language referenced in MEDLINE/PubMed from the year 2000 onward. REVIEW METHODS Relevant articles pertaining to the epidemiology of HPV-related OSCC were selected for review, with a particular(More)
To study genetic epidemiology of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the Chinese and Malays, we investigated 10 polymorphisms encoding carcinogen- or folate-metabolism and transport. Sex-adjusted analysis showed NQO1 609CT significantly protects against ALL, whilst MTHFR 677CT confers marginal protection. Interestingly, we observed that NQO1(More)
OBJECTIVES Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (UTIs) have been identified as a preventable "never event" by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. We sought to determine the relationship between UTI and in-hospital mortality, postoperative complications, length of stay, and costs in head and neck cancer (HNCA) surgery. STUDY DESIGN(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence suggests the incidence of oral tongue squamous cell carcinoma is increasing in young patients, many who have no history of tobacco use. METHODS We clinically reviewed 89 patients with oral tongue cancer. Exomic sequencing of tumor DNA from 6 nonsmokers was performed and compared to previously sequenced cases. RNA from 20 tumors was(More)
IMPORTANCE Human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV-16) is a major causative factor in oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC). The detection of primary OPSCC is often delayed owing to the challenging anatomy of the oropharynx. OBJECTIVE To investigate the feasibility of HPV-16 DNA detection in pretreatment and posttreatment plasma and saliva and its(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the value of positron emission tomography (PET) with contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) in assessing the need for neck dissection by retrospectively reviewing the pathology reports of patients with human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). DESIGN Retrospective cohort study. SETTING(More)
The incidence of human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal cancer continues to increase in contrast to other head and neck cancer sites. There is a growing role for upfront surgery to treat these cancers in the era of organ preservation treatment strategies. This is becoming especially important in younger, healthier patients with HPV-associated(More)
To determine if and when intussusception results in endotoxemia and to evaluate whether diagnostic and surgical interventions of intussusception aggravate endotoxemia, intussusception was created in seven pigs during general anesthesia (ileocolic n = 3, ileo-ileocolic n = 2, ileocolic with silicone ring as leadpoint n = 1, ileoileal with silicone ring n =(More)