Jason J. Lavinder

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Most vaccines confer protection via the elicitation of serum antibodies, yet more than 100 y after the discovery of antibodies, the molecular composition of the human serum antibody repertoire to an antigen remains unknown. Using high-resolution liquid chromatography tandem MS proteomic analyses of serum antibodies coupled with next-generation sequencing of(More)
The low stability of natural proteins often limits their use in therapeutic, industrial, and research applications. The scale and throughput of methods such as circular dichroism, fluorescence spectroscopy, and calorimetry severely limit the number of variants that can be examined. Here we demonstrate a high-throughput thermal scanning (HTTS) method for(More)
Rabbits have been used extensively as a model system for the elucidation of the mechanism of immunoglobulin diversification and for the production of antibodies. We employed Next Generation Sequencing to analyze Ig germline V and J gene usage, CDR3 length and amino acid composition, and gene conversion frequencies within the functional (transcribed) IgG(More)
We have developed and validated a methodology for determining the antibody composition of the polyclonal serum response after immunization. Pepsin-digested serum IgGs were subjected to standard antigen-affinity chromatography, and resulting elution, wash, and flow-through fractions were analyzed by bottom-up, liquid chromatography-high-resolution tandem(More)
Cysteine residues can complicate the folding and storage of proteins due to improper formation of disulfide bonds or oxidation of residues that are natively reduced. Wild-type Rop is a homodimeric four-helix bundle protein and an important model for protein design in the understanding of protein stability, structure and folding kinetics. In the native(More)
Biological activity in proteins requires them to share the energy landscape for folding and global conformational motions, 2 key determinants of function. Although most structural studies to date have focused on fluctuations around a single structural basin, we directly observe the coexistence of 2 symmetrically opposed conformations for a mutant of the(More)
Recent developments of high-throughput technologies are enabling the molecular-level analysis and bioinformatic mining of antibody-mediated (humoral) immunity in humans at an unprecedented level. These approaches explore either the sequence space of B-cell receptor repertoires using next-generation deep sequencing (BCR-seq), or the amino acid identities of(More)
Characterizing the in vivo dynamics of the polyclonal antibody repertoire in serum, such as that which might arise in response to stimulation with an antigen, is difficult due to the presence of many highly similar immunoglobulin proteins, each specified by distinct B lymphocytes. These challenges have precluded the use of conventional mass spectrometry for(More)
Most proteins are only barely stable, which impedes research, complicates therapeutic applications, and makes proteins susceptible to pathologically destabilizing mutations. Our ability to predict the thermodynamic consequences of even single point mutations is still surprisingly limited, and established methods of measuring stability are slow. Recent(More)
Molecular understanding of serological immunity to influenza has been confounded by the complexity of the polyclonal antibody response in humans. Here we used high-resolution proteomics analysis of immunoglobulin (referred to as Ig-seq) coupled with high-throughput sequencing of transcripts encoding B cell receptors (BCR-seq) to quantitatively determine the(More)