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Here we describe the properties of CP-154,526, a potent and selective nonpeptide antagonist of corticotropin (ACTH) releasing factor (CRF) receptors. CP-154,526 binds with high affinity to CRF receptors (Ki < 10 nM) and blocks CRF-stimulated adenylate cyclase activity in membranes prepared from rat cortex and pituitary. Systemically administered CP-154,526(More)
Serotonergic neurons were recorded in the nucleus centralis superior (NCS) in freely moving cats and were initially identified on-line by their slow and regular spontaneous activity (mean 2.55 +/- 0.21 spikes/s). Discharge rates of NCS serotonergic neurons were highest during active waking (AW) (mean 2.94 +/- 0.28 spikes/s), decreased during slow-wave sleep(More)
The effects of phasic auditory or visual stimuli upon the single unit activity of serotonergic neurons within the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) were studied in freely moving cats. The predominant response to auditory stimulation (86% of the cells) was excitation, with a mean latency of 40 +/- 3 ms (S.E.M.) and a mean duration of 64 +/- 4 ms. This was typically(More)
Single unit activity of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra was recorded in freely moving cats under a variety of conditions. These neurons displayed their highest discharge rate during active waking (3.68 +/- 0.30 spikes/s), which was 20% greater than their discharge rate during quiet waking (3.07 +/- 0.20). Although these cells fired somewhat(More)
The response of dopaminergic neurons of the substantia nigra pars compacta to auditory clicks continuously presented across the sleep-wake cycle was studied in cats. The initial excitatory followed by inhibitory response to the click which occurred during quiet waking diminished as the cat progressed into slow-wave sleep and was absent during REM sleep.(More)
Significant negative correlations were obtained between the spontaneous discharge rate during waking and the neural response to systemic injections of either 5-MeODMT or LSD for serotonergic neurons in the dorsal raphe nucleus, nucleus centralis superior, and nucleus raphe pallidus of unanesthetized and unrestrained cats. These data are discussed in terms(More)
The effects of damage to the median raphe nucleus on the ingestive behavior and wheel running activity of rats were studied. This nucleus was damaged by the placement of either electrolytic or chemical (5,7-dihydroxytryptamine) lesions. After the placement of either type of lesion, wheel running activity was significantly decreased for the duration of the 8(More)
Serotonergic neurons within nucleus raphe pallidus (NRP) of freely moving cats initially were distinguished by their slow (less than 8 Hz), regular discharge and long duration (mean = 2.3 ms) action potentials. The activity of serotonergic NRP neurons was highest during active waking (mean = 4.85 +/- 0.37 spikes/s) and gradually slowed, with little change(More)
Raphe unit activity in rats and cats displays a slow and regular discharge pattern across a variety of situations. The activity is, however, state-dependent, displaying a marked reduction during slow wave sleep and almost complete quiescence during REM sleep. Other than the level of synaptic serotonin, very little is known about the physiological variables(More)