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A dramatic and specific induction of c-fos was observed in identifiable neuronal populations in vivo after administration of the convulsant Metrazole. This effect was time- and dose-dependent and was abolished by prior treatment with the anticonvulsant drugs diazepam or pentobarbital. About 60 minutes after administration of Metrazole, c-fos messenger RNA(More)
Immunochemical and immunohistochemical techniques were used to map the tissue distribution and cellular localization of a rat brain-specific polypeptide, termed PEP-19. PEP-19 was found to be abundant in the cerebellum and olfactory bulbs but was present at much lower levels in other gross brain regions. It was undetectable in all nonneural tissues examined(More)
Human fetal brain expresses high levels of a polypeptide identified by protein biochemistry and molecular cloning as thymosin beta 10. Within the first 18 months after birth, the thymosin beta 10 content of human brain falls to undetectable levels. In order to establish the molecular basis of this process we screened a number of human tumor cell lines(More)
Administration of convulsant doses of Metrazole (pentylenetetrazol) and picrotoxin, as well as maximal electroshock, results in a rapid but transient increase in c-fos mRNA in mouse brain. Elevation of c-fos mRNA is followed by the accumulation and subsequent disappearance of Fos, the protein encoded by c-fos. In addition, immunoblots reveal the induction(More)
PEP-19 is a brain-specific polypeptide whose levels increase dramatically during the late maturation of the rodent nervous system. By using immunocytochemistry, PEP-19 is shown to be localized to several regions of the central nervous system, notably cerebellum, thalamus caudate putamen, and olfactory bulb. We have isolated a 0.5-kilobase cDNA clone that(More)
The laminar distribution of tyrosine hydroxylase activity, dopamine and norepinephrine was determined in the dog olfactory bulb. The levels of tyrosine hydroxylase activity and dopamine were highest in the glomerular layer, whereas norepinephrine appeared to be more uniformly distributed across the layers. A similar distribution was observed within the(More)
Thymosin beta 4 antibodies have been raised in rabbits by conjugating the peptide to keyhole limpet hemocyanin, and a radioimmunoassay for thymosin beta 4 has been established utilizing tritiated thymosin beta 4 as binding ligand. RIA values for thymosin beta 4 in rat tissues reveal levels ranging between 8 and 448 micrograms/g wet weight. Highest levels(More)
Thymosin beta 4, recently isolated from calf thymus, is present in a number of rat and mouse tissues, including spleen, thymus, brain, lung, liver, and heart muscle. High concentrations are found in peritoneal macrophages, suggesting that its occurrence in other tissues may be related to the presence of macrophages or macrophage-like cells in these tissues.(More)
The developmental expression of immunocytochemical reactivity to 3 monoclonal antibodies (Mabs Neu 4, Neu 5, and Neu 9) that were generated against adult rat olfactory epithelium was examined in olfactory tissues of embryonic rats. Tissues examined included the nasal olfactory epithelium, nerve, and olfactory bulb, as well as vomeronasal epithelium and(More)
Using a specific and sensitive radioimmunoassay, naloxone concentrations in the brains and sera of rats were measured at intervals for four hours following iv injection (5 mg/kg). Decrement curves of naloxone were compared with those after iv injection of morphine (5 mg/kg). Serum concentration of naloxone at 5 minutes was 1.45 +/- 0.1 mug/ml (mean +/- SE)(More)