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To facilitate the development of future FPGA architectures and CAD tools -- both embedded programmable fabrics and pure-play FPGAs -- there is a need for a large scale, publicly available software suite that can synthesize circuits into easily-described hypothetical FPGA architectures. These circuits should be captured at the HDL level, or higher, and pass(More)
Exploring architectures for large, modern FPGAs requires sophisticated software that can model and target hypothetical devices. Furthermore, research into new CAD algorithms often requires a complete and open source baseline CAD flow. This article describes recent advances in the open source Verilog-to-Routing (VTR) CAD flow that enable further research in(More)
It is generally accepted that a custom hardware implementation of a set of computations will provide superior speed and energy efficiency relative to a software implementation. However, the cost and difficulty of hardware design is often prohibitive, and consequently, a software approach is used for most applications. In this article, we introduce a new(More)
The development of future FPGA fabrics with more sophisticated and complex logic blocks requires a new CAD flow that permits the expression of that complexity and the ability to synthesize to it. In this paper, we present a new logic block description language that can depict complex intra-block interconnect, hierarchy and modes of operation. These features(More)
We consider active leakage power dissipation in FPGAs and present a "no cost" approach for active leakage reduction. It is well-known that the leakage power consumed by a digital CMOS circuit depends strongly on the state of its inputs. Our leakage reduction technique leverages a fundamental property of basic FPGA logic elements (look-up-tables) that allows(More)
Clock gating is a power reduction technique that has been used successfully in the custom ASIC domain. Clock and logic signal power are saved by temporarily disabling the clock signal on registers whose outputs do not affect circuit outputs. We consider and evaluate FPGA clock network architectures with built-in clock gating capability and describe a(More)
A new approach to creating an interatrial communication using a stationary fixeddiameter angioplasty balloon is presented. Stationary balloon septostomy was used to create an atrial communication in 19 young swine using a transseptal technique through a closed atrial septum, and in 18 newborn lambs through a patent foramen ovale. In animals with an intact(More)
—We describe the support within high-level hardware synthesis (HLS) for two standard software parallelization paradigms: Pthreads and OpenMP. Parallel code segments, as specified in the software, are automatically synthesized by our HLS tool into parallel-operating hardware sub-circuits. Both data parallelism and task-level parallelism are supported, as is(More)
We describe new multi-ported cache designs suitable for use in FPGA-based processor/parallel-accelerator systems, and evaluate their impact on application performance and area. The baseline system comprises a MIPS soft processor and custom hardware accelerators with a shared memory architecture: on-FPGA L1 cache backed by off-chip DDR2 SDRAM. Within this(More)