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The physical world around us is three-dimensional (3D), yet traditional display devices can show only two-dimensional (2D) flat images that lack depth (i.e., the third dimension) information. This fundamental restriction greatly limits our ability to perceive and to understand the complexity of real-world objects. Nearly 50% of the capability of the human(More)
Three-dimensional imaging in breast surgery has several uses clinically. The most practical applications are for the evaluation of breast asymmetries, both congenital and acquired, and for the evaluation of factors affecting breast shape in augmentation mammaplasty. Other uses of three-dimensional imaging that we have found clinically helpful are for(More)
A basic requirement for a practical tracking system is to adjust the tracking model in real time when the appearance of the tracked object changes. However, since the scale of the targets often varied irregularly, systems with fixed-size tracking window usually could not accommodate to these scenarios. In present paper, a new multi-scale information measure(More)
Multiple-target tracking in video (MTTV) presents a technical challenge in video surveillance applications. In this paper, we formulate the MTTV problem using dynamic Markov network (DMN) techniques. Our model consists of three coupled Markov random fields: 1) a field for the joint state of the multitarget; 2) a binary random process for the existence of(More)
Accurate and precise head refixation in fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy has been achieved through alignment of real-time 3D-surface images with a reference surface image. The reference surface image is either a 3D optical surface image taken at simulation with the desired treatment position, or a CT/MRI-surface rendering in the treatment plan with(More)
Near infrared tomography (NIR) is a novel imaging technique that can be used to reconstruct tissue optical properties from measurements of light propagation through tissue. More specifically NIR measurements over a range of wavelengths can be used to obtain internal images of physiologic parameters and these images can be used to detect and characterize(More)
Manifold mosaicing is arguably the most important class of image mosaicing methods. The existing manifold mosaicing methods work reasonably well only for scenes with simple plane structure and for images taken in a usual way such that the camera’s motion direction is perpendicular to its optical axis. A novel manifold modeling theoretical framework is(More)
Performance evaluation is considered as an important part of the unmanned ground vehicle (UGV) development; it helps to discover research problems and improves driving safety. In this paper, a task-specific performance evaluation model of UGVs applied in the Intelligent Vehicle Future Challenge (IVFC) annual competitions is discussed. It is defined in(More)
Cooperative systems in transportation can bring new intelligence for vehicles, roadside systems, operators<lb>and individuals by creating a communications platform<lb>allowing vehicles and infrastructure to share information.<lb>The performance of this underlying communication system has a major impact on the effectiveness of the emerging<lb>applications(More)