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Research in neuroevolution-that is, evolving artificial neural networks (ANNs) through evolutionary algorithms-is inspired by the evolution of biological brains, which can contain trillions of connections. Yet while neuroevolution has produced successful results, the scale of natural brains remains far beyond reach. This article presents a method called(More)
Research in neuroevolution, i.e. evolving artificial neural networks (ANNs) through evolutionary algorithms , is inspired by the evolution of biological brains. Because natural evolution discovered intelligent brains with billions of neurons and trillions of connections, perhaps neuroevolution can do the same. Yet while neuroevolution has produced(More)
Connectivity patterns in biological brains exhibit many repeating motifs. This repetition mirrors inherent geometric regularities in the physical world. For example, stimuli that excite adjacent locations on the retina map to neurons that are similarly adjacent in the visual cortex. That way, neural connectivity can exploit geometric locality in the outside(More)
Looking to nature as inspiration, for at least the past 25 years, researchers in the field of neuroevolution (NE) have developed evolutionary algorithms designed specifically to evolve artificial neural networks (ANNs). Yet the ANNs evolved through NE algorithms lack the distinctive characteristics of biological brains, perhaps explaining why NE is not yet(More)
An important feature of many problem domains in machine learning is their geometry. For example, adjacency relationships , symmetries, and Cartesian coordinates are essential to any complete description of board games, visual recognition, or vehicle control. Yet many approaches to learning ignore such information in their representations, instead inputting(More)
Hazardous weather can pose a significant threat to aircraft safety and may result in a substantial increase in crew workload, such as during departure manoeuvers. If the weather hazard conflicts with the flight plan, including the Standard Instrument Departure (SID) route, the pilots need to plan and execute an avoidance manoeuver. To date, this is still(More)
Touch screen technology is already present on the flight deck of various categories of aircraft, with the majority of current solutions based on the use of multiple touch screen displays situated on the main instrument panel and/or the central pedestal. This often requires the crew to lean forward or sideways to interact with different displays and makes it(More)