Jason F. Ross

Learn More
Alterations in nervous system function after exposure to a developmental neurotoxicant may be identified and characterized using neurobehavioral methods. A number of methods can evaluate alterations in sensory, motor, and cognitive functions in laboratory animals exposed to toxicants during nervous system development. Fundamental issues underlying proper(More)
Bismuth (Bi) can produce neurotoxic effects in both humans and animals under certain dosing conditions, but little else is known about the effects of Bi in the brain. In the present study we determined the distribution of Bi in the brains of adult female Swiss-Webster mice 4, 7, 14, 21 and 28 days after a single 2500 mg/kg i.p. injection of Bi subnitrate(More)
Routinely processed, hematoxylin and eosin (H&E)-stained slides are typically used to assess the morphologic integrity of the central nervous system in neurotoxicity safety studies. However, the value of special stains for improving neuropathologic evaluations during the assessment of neurotoxicity has been emphasized in the neuroscience literature and by(More)
A small fraction of humans ingesting bismuth (Bi)-containing medications develops neurotoxicity in which neuropsychiatric signs precede motor dysfunction. Large ip doses of Bi subnitrate (BSN) produce similar signs in mice, but little is known about the pathogenesis of neurotoxicity in either species. Adult female Swiss-Webster mice received a neurotoxic(More)
The effects of intrahippocampal or intrahypothalamic injections of anticholinergic compounds on operant responding were observed in a multiple schedule paradigm consisting of reinforced, punished, and nonreinforced components and on a punished ingestive passive avoidance task. The pattern of results suggests that cholinergic components of the hippocampus(More)
An epidemic of bismuth (Bi)-related neurotoxicity in France remains poorly understood, partly because no satisfactory animal model exists. We have now characterized such a model. Single or multiple intraperitoneal injections of Bi subnitrate into female mice produced neurologic signs (myoclonus, ataxia, tremors, convulsions) and blood (1.2 micrograms/g) and(More)
These experiments examined the relationship between behavioral and electrophysiologic signs of neuromuscular dysfunction in rats with zinc pyridinethione (ZPT)-induced neurotoxicity. ZPT added to the diet of adult rats at 50 ppm produced a moderate (approximately 200 g) reduction in forelimb and hindlimb grip strength which occurred during the second week(More)