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Six monoclonal anti-Ly-2.1 antibodies are described that arose from a single fusion using the spleen from a 129/ReJ mouse immunized with CBA/H thymus cells. The specificity was determined from the strain distribution, and testing of congenic strains where all six monoclonal antibodies detected the Ly-2.1 alloantigen. Furthermore, the antibodies fall into(More)
Fetuin-A is a known inhibitor of vascular calcification in vitro. In arteries with calcification, there is increased immunostaining for fetuin-A. However, vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) do not synthesize fetuin-A, suggesting fetuin-A may be endocytosed to exert its inhibitory effects. To examine the mechanism by which fetuin-A is taken up in bovine(More)
Recent studies implicate channels of the transient receptor potential vanilloid family (e.g., TRPV1) in regulating vascular tone; however, little is known about these channels in the coronary circulation. Furthermore, it is unclear whether metabolic syndrome alters the function and/or expression of TRPV1. We tested the hypothesis that TRPV1 mediates(More)
Metabolic syndrome (MetS), a compilation of associated risk factors, increases the risk of type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease (CAD, atherosclerosis), which can progress to the point of artery occlusion. Stents are the primary interventional treatment for occlusive CAD, and patients with MetS and hyperinsulinemia have increased restenosis. Because(More)
OBJECTIVE Assessment of ventricular function in the fetus has been limited for many reasons, including relative cardiac size and atypical orientation of fetal cardiac structures. A myocardial performance index (MPI) has been described in adult and pediatric populations as an echocardiographic measure of global (systolic and diastolic) ventricular(More)
AIMS Stenting attenuates restenosis, but accelerated coronary artery disease (CAD) adjacent to the stent (peri-stent CAD) remains a concern in metabolic syndrome (MetS). Smooth muscle cell proliferation, a major mechanism of CAD, is mediated partly by myoplasmic Ca2+ dysregulation and store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) via canonical transient receptor(More)
The availability of magnetic resonance imaging has greatly increased the detection of cavernous malformations of the central nervous system in both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. These lesions may be responsible for previously unexplained neurological events or may even have been incorrectly diagnosed. We describe a patient presenting with focal(More)
BACKGROUND Stent-induced neointimal hyperplasia is a major cause of morbidity following stent deployment in patients with coronary artery disease. Importantly, however, mechanisms underlying stent-induced neointimal hyperplasia are unclear. This pathological response to stent placement is more aggressive when stents are over-expanded, suggesting that(More)
This case is believed to be the first reported recurrent intracranial ganglioglioma with purely neuroblastomatous malignant transformation. A complete macroscopic resection of a right frontal lobe tumor in an 18-year-old woman revealed differentiated ganglioglioma. Seven years later a large, well-demarcated recurrent tumor was again macroscopically totally(More)