Jason E Hale

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A new method for measurement of transbilayer distribution of sterol in plasma membranes is reported. The procedure utilized a fluorescent sterol, dehydroergosterol, and a chemical quenching agent, trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid. Dehydroergosterol was useful as a probe molecule for sterols for the following reasons, (a) Dehydroergosterol contained no bulky(More)
The vitamin K-dependent bone protein matrix gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla) protein (MGP) has been identified by radioimmunoassay in the guanidine extract of rat cartilage. MGP was present in all cartilages tested at levels comparable to the MGP level in bone. Western blot analysis indicated that the molecular weight of cartilage MGP is the same as bone(More)
An affinity purification technique has been developed using mild elution conditions for the isolation of humanized murine and murine IgG1. This technique is based on the innate affinity of IgG1 for metal and utilizes immobilized metal-affinity chromatography. Antibody bound to the metal-affinity column is eluted with a descending pH gradient and IgG1 elutes(More)
Matrix vesicles (MV) can be readily isolated from culture media of chicken growth plate hypertrophic chondrocytes grown in primary culture. The chondrocytes maintain normal morphology and synthesize type II collagen throughout the culture period. The culture-derived MV are morphologically indistinguishable from MV seen in situ and are rich in alkaline(More)
The ability of des-gamma-carboxy bone Gla protein (dBGP) and des-gamma-carboxy matrix Gla protein (dMGP) to act as substrates for the rat liver vitamin K-dependent carboxylase has been investigated. An amino-terminal 'propeptide' is present on the intracellular form of BGP and is thought to interact with a recognition site on the enzyme. dBGP, lacking this(More)
IL-1 has been associated with acute lung injury (ALI) in both humans and animal models, but further investigation of the precise mechanisms involved is needed, and may identify novel therapeutic targets. To discover the IL-1 mediators essential to the initiation and resolution phases of acute lung inflammation, knockout mice (with targeted deletions for(More)
An antibody (IgG1) was designed for oriented adherence to a metal-containing surface. This was achieved by adding a metal-chelating peptide, (CP = His-Trp-His-His-His-Pro), to the COOH-terminus of the heavy chain through genetic engineering. Electroporation of the engineered heavy chain gene into cells expressing the complimentary light chain yielded(More)
A new versatile reagent, 3-bromopropylamine, for the quantitative analysis of cysteine residues in proteins and peptides is reported. When added to amino acid standards, the 3-bromopropylamine derivative of cysteine, S-3-aminopropylcysteine, elutes in a unique position on four different amino acid analysis systems without modification to their standard(More)
The mechanism of matrix vesicle (MV) formation by growth plate chondrocytes in primary cell culture was assessed both by using drugs which interfere with assembly or disassembly of microfilaments and microtubules, as well as by comparison of the composition of chondrocyte microvilli with MV. Cytochalasin D, which is known to inhibit assembly of actin(More)
The present study was undertaken to determine the extent of COOH-terminal proteolytic processing in matrix Gla protein (MGP), a 10-kDa protein which contains 5 residues of the vitamin K-dependent Ca2+ binding amino acid, gamma-carboxyglutamic acid (Gla). Two forms of MGP were isolated from demineralization and urea extracts of bovine cortical bone, one 79(More)