Jason E. Cain

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WNT/beta-catenin signaling has an established role in nephron formation during kidney development. Yet, the role of beta-catenin during ureteric morphogenesis in vivo is undefined. We generated a murine genetic model of beta-catenin deficiency targeted to the ureteric bud cell lineage. Newborn mutant mice demonstrated bilateral renal aplasia or renal(More)
Exogenous bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP4) inhibits ureteric branching morphogenesis and amplifies the already existing branching asymmetry in the developing mouse kidney in vitro. In the present study we examined ureteric branching morphogenesis in BMP4/lacZ heterozygous (BMP4(+/-)) mice in vitro under control conditions and in the presence of exogenous(More)
BACKGROUND The contribution of copy-number variation (CNV) to disease has been highlighted with the widespread adoption of array-based comparative genomic hybridisation (aCGH) and microarray technology. Contiguous gene deletions involving ANKRD11 in 16q24.3 are associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and intellectual disability (ID), while 16q24.1(More)
Truncating GLI3 mutations in Pallister-Hall Syndrome with renal malformation suggests a requirement for Hedgehog signaling during renal development. HH-dependent signaling increases levels of GLI transcriptional activators and decreases processing of GLI3 to a shorter transcriptional repressor. Previously, we showed that Shh-deficiency interrupts early(More)
Obstructive and nonobstructive forms of hydronephrosis (increased diameter of the renal pelvis and calyces) and hydroureter (dilatation of the ureter) are the most frequently detected antenatal abnormalities, yet the underlying molecular mechanisms are largely undefined. Hedgehog (Hh) proteins control tissue patterning and cell differentiation by promoting(More)
The kidney is the most common site of congenital malformations that result in impaired renal function. Yet, the molecular mechanisms that control renal malformations are poorly understood. The Hedgehog signaling pathway plays critical roles during mammalian organogenesis. Aberrant Hedgehog signaling results in severe congenital abnormalities, including(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are members of the transforming growth factor-beta superfamily. A critical role for BMP signaling in the development of the metanephric kidney is supported by a growing number of studies using in vitro assays and in vivo animal models. Here we review current knowledge of BMPs, BMP receptors and regulators of the BMP(More)
The hedgehog signaling pathway is important in embryogenesis and post natal development. Constitutive activation of the pathway due to mutation of pathway components occurs in ~25% of medulloblastomas and also in basal cell carcinomas. In many other malignancies the therapeutic role for hedgehog inhibition though intriguing, based on preclinical data, is(More)
The molecular signals that regulate growth and branching of the ureteric bud during formation of the renal collecting system are largely undefined. Members of the bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) family signal through the type I BMP receptor ALK3 to inhibit ureteric bud and collecting duct cell morphogenesis in vitro. We investigated the function of the BMP(More)
BACKGROUND Exogenous bone morphogenetic protein 4 (BMP-4) has been reported to inhibit ureteric branching morphogenesis and regulate the anterior-posterior axis of the developing kidney in vitro. We examined the role of BMP-4 on ureteric branching in vitro using three-dimensional image analysis software and statistical models. Additionally, in vivo ureteric(More)