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The interaction of heparan sulfate (HS) with specific proteins facilitates a wide range of fundamental biological processes including cellular proliferation and differentiation, tissue homeostasis, and viral pathogenesis. This multiplicity of function arises through sequence diversity within the HS chain. Heparin, which is very similar in structure to the(More)
The interactions of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) with proteins underlie a wide range of important biological processes. However, the study of such binding reactions has been hampered by the lack of a simple frontline analysis technique. Previously, we have reported that cold plasma polymerization can be used to coat microtiter plate surfaces with allyl amine(More)
As our understanding of what guides the behavior of multi- and pluripotent stem cells deepens, so too does our ability to utilize certain cues to manipulate their behavior and maximize their therapeutic potential. Engineered, biologically functionalized materials have the capacity to influence stem cell behavior through a powerful combination of biological,(More)
It has been shown that both ions and neutral species may contribute to plasma polymer growth. However, the relative contribution from these mechanisms remains unclear. We present data elucidating the importance of considering monomer structure with respect to which the growth mechanism dominates for nonfouling PEG-like plasma polymers. The deposition rate(More)
External parameters (RF power and precursor flow rate) are typically quoted to define plasma polymerization experiments. Utilizing a parallel-plate electrode reactor with variable geometry, it is shown that these parameters cannot be transferred to reactors with different geometries in order to reproduce plasma polymer films using four precursors.(More)
Glycosaminoglycans play an important role in tissue organisation through interactions with a diverse range of proteins, growth factors and other chemokines. In this report, we demonstrate the GAG-binding 'fingerprint' of two important GAG-binding proteins - osteoprotogerin and TIMP-3. The technique uses a straightforward method for attaching GAGs to assay(More)
We describe a method to produce antibody-captured ligand gradients over biologically relevant distances (hundreds of micrometers) whereby the ligand density and gradient shape may be tailored. Separation of the ligand from the solid-phase surface ensures that the biological activity of the ligand remains unaffected by immobilization. Our method involves the(More)
Furfuryl methacrylate (FMA) is a promising precursor for producing polymers for biomedical and cell therapy applications. Herein, FMA plasma polymer coatings were prepared with different powers, deposition times, and flow rates. The plasma polymer coatings were characterized using atomic force microscopy (AFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), x-ray(More)
Skin has a remarkable capacity for regeneration; however, with an ever aging population, there is a growing burden to the healthcare system from chronic wounds. Novel therapies are required to address the problems associated with nonhealing chronic wounds. Novel wound dressings that can encourage increased reepithelialization could help to reduce the burden(More)
Plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (PECVD) can be used to fabricate surfaces with a wide range of physical and chemical properties and are used in a variety of applications. Despite this, the mechanisms by which PECVD films grow are not well understood. Moreover, the species which contribute to film growth can be considered quite differently(More)