Jason D. Allen

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Dietary nitrate (NO(3)(-)) supplementation, via its reduction to nitrite (NO(2)(-)) and subsequent conversion to nitric oxide (NO) and other reactive nitrogen intermediates, reduces blood pressure and the O(2) cost of submaximal exercise in humans. Despite these observations, the effects of dietary NO(3)(-) supplementation on skeletal muscle vascular(More)
BACKGROUND Traffic-related air pollution is consistently associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Recent human and animal studies suggest that exposure to air pollutants affects vascular function. Diesel exhaust (DE) is a major source of traffic-related air pollution. OBJECTIVES Our goal was to study the effects of short-term exposure to DE(More)
BACKGROUND Traffic-related air pollution is associated with cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although the biological mechanisms are not well understood, oxidative stress may be a primary pathway. Subpopulations, such as individuals with metabolic syndrome (MeS), may be at increased risk of adverse effects associated with air pollution. Our aim was to(More)
Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) results in a failure to adequately supply blood and oxygen (O(2)) to working tissues and presents as claudication pain during walking. Nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability is essential for vascular health and function. Plasma nitrite (NO(2)(-)) is a marker of vascular NO production but may also be a protected circulating(More)
Nitrate (NO3(-)) supplementation via beetroot juice (BR) preferentially improves vascular conductance and O2 delivery to contracting skeletal muscles comprised predominantly of type IIb + d/x (i.e. highly glycolytic) fibers following its reduction to nitrite and nitric oxide (NO). To address the mechanistic basis for NO3(-) to improve metabolic control we(More)
The measurement of nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability is of great clinical interest in the assessment of vascular health. However, NO is rapidly oxidized to form nitrite and nitrate and thus its direct detection in biological systems is difficult. Venous plasma nitrite (nM concentrations) has been shown to be a marker of forearm NO production following(More)
OBJECTIVES Particulate matter (PM) air pollution is associated with alterations in cardiac conductance and sudden cardiac death in epidemiological studies. Traffic-related air pollutants, including diesel exhaust (DE) may be at least partly responsible for these effects. In this experimental study we assessed whether short-term exposure to DE would result(More)
PURPOSE Brachial artery flow-mediated dilation (BAFMD) is a noninvasive technique, which has been suggested as a potential means of identifying patients with early atherosclerosis and therefore has enormous clinical appeal. Despite this, the stability and reproducibility of this technique are not yet clear. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) bioavailability is important in vascular health, but unsuitable as a clinical measure due to biological oxidation. Total nitrogen oxides (NO(x)) are stable but background nitrate levels make it difficult to detect disease-based variation. We investigated the clinical discriminatory value of NO(x) as it relates to exercise capability(More)
The aim of this study was to determine if skeletal muscle capillary density is lower in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) and if capillary density relates to functional limitations. PAD patients with intermittent claudication (IC) have a decreased exercise tolerance due to exercise-induced muscle ischemia. Despite the apparent role diminished(More)