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The concept of cohesion in a class has been the subject of various recent empirical studies and has been measured using many different metrics. In the structured programming paradigm, the software engineering community has adopted an informal yet meaningful and understandable definition of cohesion based on the work of Yourdon and Constantine. The(More)
We introduce the concept of administrative scope in a role hierarchy and demonstrate that it can be used as a basis for role-based administration. We then develop a family of models for role hierarchy administration (RHA) employing administrative scope as the central concept. We then extend RHA<inf>4</inf>, the most complex model in the family, to a(More)
We describe a model, independent of any underlying access control paradigm, for specifying authorization constraints such as separation of duty and cardinality constraints in workflow systems. We present a number of results enabling us to simplify the set of authorization constraints. These results form the theoretical foundation for an algorithm that can(More)
A key assignment scheme is a cryptographic technique for implementing an information flow policy, sometimes known as hierarchical access control. All the research to date on key assignment schemes has focused on particular encryption techniques rather than an analysis of what features are required of such a scheme. To remedy this we propose a family of(More)
Workflow management systems (WFMSs) have attracted a lot of interest both in academia and the business community. A workflow consists of a collection of tasks that are organized to facilitate some business process specification. To simplify the complexity of security administration, it is common to use role-based access control (RBAC) to grant authorization(More)
Service-Level Agreements (SLAs) mitigate the risks of a service-provision scenario by associating financial penalties with aberrant service behaviour. SLAs are useless if their provisions can be unilaterally ignored by a party without incurring any liability. To avoid this, it is necessary to ensure that each party's conformance to its obligations can be(More)
Role-based access control and role hierarchies have generated considerable research activity in recent years.In many role-based models the role hierarchy partially determines which roles and permissions are available to users via various inheritance mechanisms.In this paper, we consider the nature of permissions more closely than is customary in the(More)