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BACKGROUND African American (AA) women are known to have poorer breast cancer survival than whites, and the differences may be related to underlying disparities in their clinical presentation or access to care. This study evaluated the relationship between demographic, treatment, and socioeconomic factors and breast cancer survival among women in southeast(More)
The Geospatial Determinants of Health Outcomes Consortium (GeoDHOC) study investigated ambient air quality across the international border between Detroit, Michigan, USA and Windsor, Ontario, Canada and its association with acute asthma events in 5- to 89-year-old residents of these cities. NO2, SO2, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) were measured at(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown differences in adherence to inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) by race-ethnicity, yet little is known about factors that contribute to adherence within these groups. Environmental stressors, such as crime exposure, which has been associated with asthma morbidity, might also predict ICS adherence. OBJECTIVE We sought to(More)
The objectives of this study were to: (1) calculate age-specific and age-adjusted cause-specific mortality rates for Arab Americans; and (2) compare these rates with those for blacks and whites. Mortality rates were estimated using Michigan death certificate data, an Arab surname and first name list, and 2000 U.S. Census data. Age-specific rates,(More)
Background. Racial differences in breast cancer survival may be in part due to variation in patterns of care. To better understand factors influencing survival disparities, we evaluated patterns of receipt of adjuvant chemotherapy among 2,234 women with invasive, nonmetastatic breast cancer treated at the Henry Ford Health System (HFHS) from 1996 through(More)
African American women have a higher breast cancer mortality rate than whites even when cancer subtype is considered, are more likely to be diagnosed at a later stage, and are less likely to have mammography screening. Structural barriers limit screening but may be less important than clinical care and personal barriers among minority and lower income(More)
PURPOSE Census tract variables have not been widely available for SEER-wide data due to several technical reasons; thus, prior studies have been conducted on a specific-community basis only or used county-level data. This study is the first to evaluate long-term chronological trends in cancer survival by selected socioeconomic variables of census tract(More)
To examine the association between nativity status (foreign and US-born) by race/ethnicity (Arab, Asian, black, Hispanic, white) on having a functional limitation. We used American Community Survey data (2001–2007; n = 1,964,777; 65+ years) and estimated odds ratios (95 % confidence intervals). In the crude model, foreign-born Blacks and Arabs were more(More)
(2008). Income diversity within neighborhoods and very low-income familites. Abstract The past decades have witnessed increasing concern over the family ills engendered by neighborhoods inhabited overwhelmingly by families with limited resources. This study focuses on a different sort of residential context—neighborhoods with substantial income mixing—and(More)