Jason A. Payne

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BACKGROUND Coronary artery bypass grafting improves survival in patients with >70% luminal diameter narrowing of the 3 major epicardial coronary arteries, particularly if there is involvement of the proximal portion of the left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery. Measurement of coronary flow reserve can be used to identify functionally important(More)
Low birth weight as the result of placental insufficiency increases the risk of hypertension in young adults; however, the vascular mechanisms involved are unclear. We tested the hypothesis that intrauterine fetal growth restriction caused by placental insufficiency results in low-birth-weight offspring with impaired endothelium-dependent vascular(More)
High-amplitude, MV/m, nanosecond pulsed electric fields (nsPEF) have been hypothesized to cause nanoporation of the plasma membrane. Phosphatidylserine (PS) externalization has been observed on the outer leaflet of the membrane shortly after nsPEF exposure, suggesting local structural changes in the membrane. In this study, we utilized fluorescently-tagged(More)
There was a report of spongiform encephalopathy transmitted to Syrian hamsters by intracerebral inoculation with the blood buffy coat of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and their unaffected first-degree relatives. We attempted to verify that report, taking measures to reduce the risk of contaminating samples with agents causing spongiform(More)
OBJECTIVE Many exercise protocols used in physiological studies assume homogeneous and diffuse muscle recruitment. To test this assumption during a "standard" wrist flexion protocol, variations in muscle recruitment were assessed using MRI in eight healthy subjects. MATERIALS AND METHODS Variations were assessed by comparing the right to the left forearms(More)
The persistent influx of ions through nanopores created upon cellular exposure to nanosecond pulse electric fields (nsPEF) could be used to modulate neuronal function. One ion, calcium (Ca(2+)), is important to action potential firing and regulates many ion channels. However, uncontrolled hyper-excitability of neurons leads to Ca(2+) overload and(More)
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