Jason A Kessler

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The antiviral characteristics of monoclonal antibody IAM-41-2F5 (2F5) were determined in cell culture. The antibody had been previously shown to bind a specific sequence, ELDKWA, within the external domain of the gp41 envelope glycoprotein human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). Selection by 2F5 of recombinant phage from an epitope library confirmed(More)
Human monoclonal antibody 447-52D binds to the V3 determinant of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp120 external glycoprotein. Its binding requires the expression of the GPxR sequence at the center of the V3 domain. HIV-1 variants that are adapted to replication in T-lymphoid cell lines and express this sequence motif are efficiently(More)
This study was undertaken to establish whether antibody directed against the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) principal gp120 type-specific neutralization determinant can abolish the infectivity of HIV-1 in chimpanzees. Challenge inocula of the IIIb virus isolate were mixed in vitro with either immunoglobulin G (IgG) from an uninfected(More)
We have used virus neutralization and antibody-binding techniques to define the epitope for a human monoclonal antibody, designated 19b, within the V3 region of the gp120 surface glycoprotein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1. Unusually, the 19b epitope encompasses residues on both flanks of the V3 loop. However, 19b binding to gp120 is independent of(More)
The anti-gp41 virus neutralizing monoclonal antibody 2F5 was infused into chimpanzees, which were then given an intravenous challenge with a primary human immunodeficiency virus type I (HIV-1) isolate. In two control animals, the infection was established immediately, as evidenced by positive cell-associated DNA PCR and serum RNA PCR tests within 1 week,(More)
Protection against simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) challenge was assessed in rhesus monkeys with a vaccine-elicited, single SIV epitope-specific cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) response in the absence of SIV-specific antibody. Strategies were first explored for eliciting an optimal SIV Gag epitope-specific CTL response. These studies were performed in(More)
The CD4-binding domain of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) gp120 elicits antibodies that are present in infected human sera. Monoclonal antibodies that recognize the HIV-1 gp120 CD4-binding domain have been isolated. Some of these antibodies can neutralize laboratory-adapted strains of HIV-1 and probably mediate neutralization by interfering with(More)
Five human anti-V3 mAbs were generated from Ab-producing cells derived from the blood of HIV-1-infected individuals from North America and selected using the V3 peptide of a divergent clade B isolate, HIV(RF). The anti-V3(RF) mAbs were mapped to a cluster of three overlapping epitopes present in the KSITKGP sequence located in the hypervariable region on(More)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 IIIB infection of chimpanzees leads to a compartmentalized, nonpathogenic in vivo and in vitro relationship with the virus. The absence of an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-like disease in over 100 chimpanzees persistently infected may be related to some or all of the findings reported here. Further(More)
(2S)-2-(3-Chlorophenyl)-1-[N-(methyl)-N-(phenylsulfonyl)amino]-4-[spiro(2,3-dihydrobenzthiophene-3,4'-piperidin-1'-yl)]butane S-oxide (1b) has been identified as a potent CCR5 antagonist having an IC50=10 nM. Herein, structure-activity relationship studies of non-spiro piperidines are described, which led to the discovery of(More)