Jason A. Cascio

Learn More
IL-17 is a proinflammatory cytokine produced by activated Th17 cells and other immune cells. IL-17-producing Th17 cells are major contributors to chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, and inflammatory bowel disease. Although the transcriptional regulation of Th17 cells is well understood, the(More)
Recently, traces of double-positive FoxP3(+)RORgammat(+) T cells were identified and viewed as dual programming differentiation intermediates geared toward development into T regulatory or Th17 cells. In this study, we report that FoxP3(+)RORgammat(+) intermediates arise in the NOD mouse T cell repertoire prior to inflammation and can be expanded with(More)
Lately, it has become clear that regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a major role in the maintenance of peripheral tolerance and control of autoimmunity. Despite these critical functions, the process underlying the development of Tregs remains largely undefined. Herein, altered peptide ligand (APL) variants derived from the proteolipid protein-1 (PLP1) epitope(More)
In this study, we examined the role IL-13 receptor alpha 1 (IL-13Rα1) plays in macrophage differentiation and function. The findings indicate that IL-13Rα1 is expressed on the M2 but not on the M1 subset of macrophages and specifically heterodimerizes with the IL-4Rα chain to form a type II receptor, which controls the differentiation and function of these(More)
The role APCs play in the transition of T cells from effector to memory remains largely undefined. This is likely due to the low frequency at which long-lived T cells arise, which hinders analysis of the events involved in memory development. In this study, we used TCR transgenic T cells to increase the frequency of long-lived T cells and developed a(More)
The events controlling the transition of T cells from effector to memory remain largely undefined. Many models have been put forth to account for the origin of memory precursors, but for CD4 T cells initial studies reported that memory T cells derive from IFN-γ-nonproducing effectors, whereas others suggested that memory emanates from highly activated(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) have been shown to play a major role in oral tolerance, and this function has been associated with their ability to produce anti-inflammatory cytokines and to induce suppressive regulatory T cells. In this study, we demonstrate that upon oral administration of Ag, lamina propia (LP) DCs engage specific T cells and acquire a novel(More)
F1 (SJL/J×C57BL/6) mice with MOG35-55-induced EAE recover from disease when treated with Ig-MOG carrying MOG35-55 peptide. However, Ig-PLP1, carrying PLP139-151, induced reduction of anti-MOG antibodies and exacerbated EAE. Herein, we show that Ig-PLP1 specifically reduces the frequency of B cells producing protective IgG2a/b anti-MOG antibodies.(More)
The cell dynamics associated with induction of peripheral T cell tolerance remain largely undefined. In this study, an in vivo model was adapted to two-photon microscopy imaging, and T cell behavior was analyzed on tolerogen-induced modulation. FcγR-deficient (FcγR(-/-)) mice were unable to resist or alleviate experimental allergic encephalomyelitis when(More)