Jason A Burdick

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Cartilage tissue engineering is emerging as a technique for the regeneration of cartilage tissue damaged due to disease or trauma. Since cartilage lacks regenerative capabilities, it is essential to develop approaches that deliver the appropriate cells, biomaterials, and signaling factors to the defect site. The objective of this review is to discuss the(More)
Degenerative disease and damage to articular cartilage represents a growing concern in the aging population. New strategies for engineering cartilage have employed mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as a cell source. However, recent work has suggested that chondrocytes (CHs) produce extracellular matrix (ECM) with superior mechanical properties than MSCs do.(More)
Aligned electrospun scaffolds are promising tools for engineering fibrous musculoskeletal tissues, as they reproduce the mechanical anisotropy of these tissues and can direct ordered neo-tissue formation. However, these scaffolds suffer from a slow cellular infiltration rate, likely due in part to their dense fiber packing. We hypothesized that cell ingress(More)
Control of self-renewal and differentiation of human ES cells (hESCs) remains a challenge. This is largely due to the use of culture systems that involve poorly defined animal products and do not mimic the normal developmental milieu. Routine protocols involve the propagation of hESCs on mouse fibroblast or human feeder layers, enzymatic cell removal, and(More)
The failure of long descending pathways to regenerate after spinal cord injury (SCI) is generally attributed to inhibitory proteins associated with the glial scar and myelin, or to the loss of neurons' intrinsic capacity to grow, or both. Here, we describe the use of hydrogels as a novel way to deliver molecules that promote axon growth in the injured CNS(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are being recognized as a viable cell source for cartilage repair; however, it still remains a challenge to recapitulate the functional properties of native articular cartilage using only MSCs. Additionally, MSCs may exhibit a hypertrophic phenotype under chondrogenic induction, resulting in calcification after ectopic(More)
Hyaluronic acid is a natural polysaccharide found abundantly throughout the body with many desirable properties for application as a biomaterial, including scaffolding for tissue engineering. In this work, hyaluronic acid with molecular weights ranging from 50 to 1100 kDa was modified with methacrylic anhydride and photopolymerized into networks with a wide(More)
Human embryonic stem (hES) cells have the potential to form various cell types, including neural cells for the treatment of diseases such as Parkinson's, spinal cord injury, and glaucoma. Here, we have investigated the neuronal differentiation of hES cells on three-dimensional scaffolds fabricated from degradable poly(alpha-hydroxy esters) including(More)
Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogels were investigated as encapsulation matrices for osteoblasts to assess their applicability in promoting bone tissue engineering. Non-adhesive hydrogels were modified with adhesive Arg-Gly-Asp (RGD) peptide sequences to facilitate the adhesion, spreading, and, consequently, cytoskeletal organization of rat calvarial(More)
The objective of this study was to determine how changes in the network structure and properties of hyaluronic acid (HA) hydrogels, due to variations in the macromer molecular weight (50-1,100 kDa) and macromer concentration (2-20 wt %), affect neocartilage formation by encapsulated auricular chondrocytes. To investigate tissue formation, swine auricular(More)