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BACKGROUND As a key regulator of serotonergic activity and target of many antidepressant treatments, the serotonin transporter (SERT) represents a potential mediator of anxiety- and depression-related behaviors. Using mice lacking the SERT (SERT KO), we examined the role of SERT function in anxiety- and depression-related behaviors and serotonergic neuron(More)
For many cancers, the lack of potency and the toxicity of current drugs limits the dose achievable in patients and the efficacy of treatment. Among them, retinoblastoma is a rare cancer of the eye for which better chemotherapeutic options are needed. Combination therapy is a compelling approach to enhance the efficacy of current treatment, however clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Individuals with hereditary retinoblastoma (RB) are at very high risk of developing subsequent malignant neoplasms (SMNs) of which osteosarcoma (OS) is one of the most common. We hypothesized that annual surveillance using whole-body magnetic resonance imaging (WB-MRI) in asymptomatic survivors of hereditary RB would detect SMN of the bone and(More)
BACKGROUND The risk/benefit profile of intravitreal melphalan injection for treatment of active vitreous seeds in retinoblastoma remains uncertain. We report clinical and electroretinography results after 6 months of one patient who has shown a favorable initial clinical response to intravitreal melphalan injections for treatment of refractory vitreous(More)
AIM The complications of intraocular silicone oil include emulsification, which may lead to vision-threatening disorders such as keratopathy, secondary glaucoma and retinopathy. The authors study the effect of mechanical energy from surgical instruments on the emulsification of silicone oil. METHODS Three different handpieces (phacofragmentation,(More)
PURPOSE To select a novel orally administered VEGFR-2 (KDR/flk-1) specific tyrosine kinase inhibitor in a murine model of choroidal neovascularization (CNV). METHODS From a compound library, potent VEGFR2 inhibitors were selected by VEGF-induced phosphorylation of VEGFR-2 and RAF kinases and the proliferation analysis by HUVEC cultures and in vitro tube(More)
PURPOSE Plaque brachytherapy is a common form of treatment for uveal melanoma, and the Collaborative Ocular Melanoma Study (COMS) used (125)I. Recently, (106)Ru has been reintroduced for plaque brachytherapy in the United States. We reviewed our experience treating uveal melanoma with (106)Ru plaque brachytherapy using COMS planning techniques,(More)
PURPOSE Intravitreal melphalan is emerging as an effective treatment for refractory vitreous seeds in retinoblastoma, but there is limited understanding regarding its toxicity. This study evaluates the retinal and systemic toxicity of intravitreal melphalan in retinoblastoma patients, with preclinical validation in a rabbit model. DESIGN Clinical and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the incidence and timing of new intraocular tumor foci in genetic retinoblastoma cases after treatment with ophthalmic artery chemosurgery (OAC). DESIGN Single-center retrospective review of all genetic retinoblastoma cases managed at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center/Weil-Cornell Medical School since May 2006. PARTICIPANTS(More)