Jasmina Varagić

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The study of experimental hypertension and the development of drugs with selective inhibitory effects on the enzymes and receptors constituting the components of the circulating and tissue renin-angiotensin systems have led to newer concepts of how this system participates in both physiology and pathology. Over the last decade, a renewed emphasis on(More)
This study was designed to determine the effects of angiotensin II type 1 (AT(1)) receptor inhibition on coronary hemodynamics and ventricular mass and hydroxyproline content and the additive effects of angiotensin II type 2 (AT(2)) receptor inhibition in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). The selective AT(1) receptor antagonist candesartan (10 mg/kg(More)
INTRODUCTION The role of hypertension in chronic renal failure (CRF) progression was described in 1914 by Volhard and Fahr [1], in 1940 by Rite and colleagues [2] and subsequently many studies described the effects of various antihypertensive drugs on regulation of blood pressure and CRF progression. The recent experimental and clinical studies especially(More)
Heart failure is one of the most common causes of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and hypertension is the most common cause of cardiac failure. Recent studies have shown that isolated diastolic dysfunction very often accompanies hypertensive heart disease. Ventricular diastolic function may be divided into an active relaxation phase and a passive(More)
Increased dietary salt intake induces cardiac fibrosis in the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR), yet little information details its effects on left ventricular (LV) function. Additionally, young normotensive rats are more sensitive to the trophic effect of dietary sodium than older rats. Thus cardiac responses to salt loading were evaluated at two ages(More)
Our current recognition of the renin-angiotensin system is more convoluted than originally thought due to the discovery of multiple novel enzymes, peptides, and receptors inherent in this interactive biochemical cascade. Over the last decade, angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) has emerged as a key player in the pathophysiology of hypertension and(More)
Aldosterone has been implicated as one of the mediators of cardiovascular injury in various diseases. This study examines whether mineralocorticoid antagonism ameliorates or prevents the adverse cardiac effects of hypertension and aging. Male 22-wk-old spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) were divided into two groups, 15 rats in each. One group received no(More)
This study was performed to validate echocardiographic and Doppler techniques for the assessment of left ventricular (LV) diastolic function in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar rats. In 11 Wistar rats and 20 SHR, we compared 51 sets of invasive and Doppler LV diastolic indexes. Noninvasive indexes of LV relaxation were related(More)
Since angiotensin-(1-12) [Ang-(1-12)] is a non-renin dependent alternate precursor for the generation of cardiac Ang peptides in rat tissue, we investigated the metabolism of Ang-(1-12) by plasma membranes (PM) isolated from human atrial appendage tissue from nine patients undergoing cardiac surgery for primary control of atrial fibrillation (MAZE surgical(More)
Aging, diabetes, and hypertension are conditions in which arterial and myocardial stiffness is increased. Increased arterial stiffness is manifested by an increased systolic arterial pressure, pulse pressure and pulse wave velocity, whereas increased myocardial stiffness is manifested by impaired left ventricular diastolic filling. Moreover, increased(More)