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Microglia cells are essential for brain homeostasis and have essential roles in neurodegenerative diseases. Aging is the main risk factor for most neurodegenerative diseases, and age-related changes in microglia may contribute to the susceptibility of the aging brain to dysfunction and neurodegeneration. We have analyzed morphology and dynamic behavior of(More)
Extracellular deposition of the amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) in the brain parenchyma is a hallmark lesion of Alzheimer's disease (AD) and a predictive marker for the progression of preclinical to symptomatic AD. Here, we used multiphoton in vivo imaging to study Aβ plaque formation in the brains of 3- to 4-month-old APPPS1 transgenic mice over a period of 6(More)
Familial Danish dementia (FDD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease with cerebral deposition of Dan-amyloid (ADan), neuroinflammation, and neurofibrillary tangles, hallmark characteristics remarkably similar to those in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We have generated transgenic (tg) mouse models of familial Danish dementia that exhibit the age-dependent(More)
that bexarotene rapidly reduces b-amyloid (Ab) levels and plaque burden in two mouse models of Ab deposition in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We now report that, although bexarotene reduces soluble Ab 40 levels in one of the mouse models, the drug has no impact on plaque burden in three strains that exhibit Ab amyloidosis. A lzheimer's disease (AD), the major(More)
Repetitive in vivo imaging in mice has become an indispensable tool for studying dynamic changes in structure and function of the brain. We describe a head fixation system, which allows rapid re-localization of previously imaged regions of interest (ROIs) within the brain. Such ROIs can be automatically relocated and imaged over weeks to months with(More)
Microglia are morphologically dynamic cells that rapidly extend their processes in response to various stimuli including extracellular ATP. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that stimulation of neuronal NMDARs trigger ATP release leading to communication with microglia. We used acute mouse hippocampal brain slices and two-photon laser scanning(More)
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