Laser wakefield acceleration of electrons holds great promise for producing ultracompact stages of GeV scale, high-quality electron beams for applications such as x-ray free electron lasers and high-energy colliders. Ultrahigh intensity laser pulses can be self-guided by relativistic plasma waves (the wake) over tens of vacuum diffraction lengths, to give… (More)
Quantum mechanics defines two classes of particles-bosons and fermions-whose exchange statistics fundamentally dictate quantum dynamics. Here we develop a scheme that uses entanglement to directly observe the correlated detection statistics of any number of fermions in any physical process. This approach relies on sending each of the entangled particles… (More)
We develop techniques to verify the computational complexity of a class of analogue quantum computers known as boson samplers. We demonstrate these techniques with up to 5 photons in two different types of integrated linear optical circuit, observing Hilbert spaces of up to 50,000 dimensions.
Optical quantum technologies require new photonic components to exploit integrated architecture. We demonstrate quantum interference in MMI couplers and coupled waveguides that implement two-particle quantum walks, showing unique quantum behaviour.