Jasimuddin Ahamed

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Coagulation activation by tissue factor (TF) is implicated in cancer progression, cancer-associated thrombosis and metastasis. The role of direct TF signaling pathways in cancer, however, remains incompletely understood. Here we address how TF contributes to primary tumor growth by using a unique pair of isotype-matched antibodies that inhibit either(More)
Cell-surface tissue factor (TF) binds the serine protease factor VIIa to activate coagulation or, alternatively, to trigger signaling through the G protein-coupled, protease-activated receptor 2 (PAR2) relevant to inflammation and angiogenesis. Here we demonstrate that TF.VIIa-mediated coagulation and cell signaling involve distinct cellular pools of TF.(More)
Tissue Factor (TF) is the mammalian plasma membrane cofactor responsible for initiation of blood coagulation. Binding of blood coagulation factor VIIa to TF activates the serine proteinase zymogens factors IX and X by limited proteolysis leading to the formation of a thrombin and fibrin meshwork that stabilizes the thrombus. TF on the plasma membrane of(More)
OBJECTIVE Leukotriene B4 (LTB4), a potent leukocyte chemoattractant, is known to promote several inflammatory diseases, including atherosclerosis. We sought to determine mechanisms through which LTB4 modulates atherosclerosis in cell lines expressing LTB4 receptors, BLT-1, and in mice deficient in BLT-1 as well as macrophage cell lines derived from BLT-1+/+(More)
Phosphorylation of G protein-coupled receptors and the subsequent recruitment of beta-arrestin play an important role in desensitization of receptor-mediated responses, including degranulation in leukocytes. In this study, we report that receptor phosphorylation also provides a stimulatory signal for CCR ligand 2 (CCL2) production. C3a stimulated(More)
Multiple bone marrow stromal cell types have been identified as hematopoietic stem cell (HSC)-regulating niche cells. However, whether HSC progeny can serve directly as HSC niche cells has not previously been shown. Here we report a dichotomous role of megakaryocytes (MKs) in both maintaining HSC quiescence during homeostasis and promoting HSC regeneration(More)
Transmethylation affects several cellular events, including T cell activation, and blockade of this pathway may curtail inflammatory/autoimmune responses. Here, we demonstrate that transmethylation inhibition by a novel reversible S-adenosyl-l-homocysteine hydrolase inhibitor leads to immunosuppression by reducing phosphorylation of several key proteins(More)
Circulating platelets contain high concentrations of TGF-β1 in their α-granules and release it on platelet adhesion/activation. We hypothesized that uncontrolled in vitro release of platelet TGF-β1 may confound measurement of plasma TGF-β1 in mice and that in vivo release and activation may contribute to cardiac pathology in response to constriction of the(More)
Tissue factor (TF) triggers upstream coagulation signaling via the activation of protease-activated receptors (PARs) of relevance for inflammation and angiogenesis. TF pathway inhibitor 1 (TFPI-1) is the physiologic inhibitor of TF-initiated coagulation, but its role in regulating TF signaling is poorly understood. Here, we demonstrate that endogenous,(More)
This work has as its ultimate goal the creation of a concentration spike of a chemoattractant peptide in a time-resolved and spatially defined way using a light pulse. This strategy requires "caging" the peptide with a photochemically removable group. Model studies used alanine ethyl ester in reductive amination with nitrobenzaldehydes to form two different(More)