Jasbir S. Juggi

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Cardiac muscle biopsy specimens were obtained from 33 patients undergoing open-heart surgery under K+-induced ischemic arrest in hypothermia (cardioplegic right atrial and right ventricular muscles) or under hypothermic ischemic arrest without K+-cardioplegia (noncardioplegia right atrial muscle), and sequential patterns of changes in the myocardial(More)
The signaling pathways involved in ischemic heart disease are not well characterized. In this study, the roles of Ras-GTPase, tyrosine kinases (TKs) and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) in global ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) in a perfused rat heart model were investigated and compared to beneficial effects produced by preconditioning(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the additive protective efficiency of ischemic preconditioning when used in combination with conventional clinically relevant cardioprotective methods of hypothermia or hypothermic cardioplegia during sustained global ischemia. Isolated rat hearts were aorta-perfused with Krebs-Henseleit buffer and were divided into six(More)
The effects of plain ischemia (34 degrees C) and the protective role of hypothermia (20 degrees C) alone or in combination with cardioplegia (St Thomas' Hospital [STH] or glucose-potassium-nifedipine [GPN]) on the intracellular kinetics of the activator calcium of cardiac muscle were quantified and compared from the interval-force behaviour (mechanical(More)
Interval-force relationship of right and left ventricles of the isolated perfused rat heart was quantified by fitting polynomial, linear and mixed linear-exponential functions to the mechanical restitution (MRC) and post extrasystolic potentiation (PESPC) curves. Ventricular maximum developed pressure (Pmax) and its first derivative (dP/dtmax) were used as(More)
Differential susceptibility of right (RV) and left (LV) ventricles to plain ischaemia and the contribution of cardioplegia in reducing the ischaemic damage was evaluated in a sheep model of cardiopulmonary bypass. Sheep (n = 16) were equally divided for the two protocols of the study. Each sheep served as its own control. RV and LV functions were studied(More)
It is well established that brief episodes of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) [preconditioning (PC)] protect the myocardium from the damage induced by subsequent more prolonged I/R. However, the signaling pathways activated during PC or I/R are not well characterized. In this study, the role of Ras-GTPase, tyrosine kinases (TKs), epidermal growth factor receptor(More)
The role of pacing postconditioning (PPC) in the heart protection against ischemia–reperfusion injury is not completely understood. The aim of this study was to investigated if 17-β-estradiol (estrogen, E2), endogenous atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP), endogenous brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) are involved in(More)
BACKGROUND The protective effects of 17-beta estradiol (E2) on cardiac tissue during ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury have not yet been fully elucidated. OBJECTIVE To assess the protective effects of short- and long-term E2 treatments on cardiac tissue exposed to I/R, and to assess the effects of these treatments in combination with ischemic(More)
BACKGROUND Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) has been reported to play an important role in ischemia reperfusion injury and ischemic preconditioning (IPC). However, its role is not completely understood. Recently, normothermic IPC (NIPC), hyperthermic IPC (HIPC), preconditioning (PC) with 17-beta estradiol (estrogen, E2) and E2 pretreatment were proven(More)