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Protein kinase B (PKB/Akt) is a regulator of cell survival and apoptosis. To become fully activated, PKB/Akt requires phosphorylation at two sites, threonine 308 and serine 473, in a phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase-dependent manner. The kinase responsible for phosphorylation of threonine 308 is the PI 3-kinase-dependent kinase-1 (PDK-1), whereas(More)
The ability of neurotrophins to modulate the survival and differentiation of neuronal populations involves the Trk/MAP (mitogen-activated protein kinase) kinase signaling pathway. More recently, neurotrophins have also been shown to regulate synaptic transmission. The synapsins are a family of neuron-specific phosphoproteins that play a role in regulation(More)
PTEN is a tumor suppressor gene located on chromosome 10q23 that encodes a protein and phospholipid phosphatase. Somatic mutations of PTEN are found in a number of human malignancies, and loss of expression, or mutational inactivation of PTEN, leads to the constitutive activation of protein kinase B (PKB)/Akt via enhanced phosphorylation of Thr-308 and(More)
Bacterial LPS stimulation of murine macrophages leads to increased tyrosine phosphorylation and activation of the 42- and 44-kDa mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) and the activation of stress-activated protein kinases (SAPK)/c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38, related to the high osmolarity glycerol protein kinase in Saccharomyces cerevisiae(More)
This study characterizes the insulin-activated serine/threonine protein kinases in H4 hepatoma cells active on a 37-residue synthetic peptide (called the SKAIPS peptide) corresponding to a putative autoinhibitory domain in the carboxyl-terminal tail of the p70 S6 kinase as well as on recombinant p70 S6 kinase. Three peaks of insulin-stimulated protein(More)
Mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases are proline-directed serine/threonine protein kinases that are activated via phosphorylation of their own tyrosine residues. Highly conserved during eukaryotic evolution, they serve as common signaling components in distinct transduction pathways initiated by many stimuli. They have been implicated in the control of a(More)
Loss of functional adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) protein results in the stabilization of cytosolic beta-catenin and activation of genes that are responsive to Lef/Tcf family transcription factors. We have recently shown that an independent cell adhesion and integrin linked kinase (ILK)-dependent pathway can also activate beta-catenin/LEF mediated gene(More)
Activation of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) by chemotactic peptides initiates a series of functional responses that serve to eliminate pathogens. The intermediate steps that link engagement of the chemoattractant receptor to the microbicidal responses involve protein kinases that have yet to be identified. In this study we detected in human PMN the(More)
T cell signaling via the CD4 surface antigen is mediated by the associated tyrosyl protein kinase p56lck. The 42-kilodalton mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase (p42mapk) was tyrosyl-phosphorylated and activated after treatment of the murine T lymphoma cell line 171CD4+, which expresses CD4, with antibody to CD3. Treatment of the CD4-deficient cell line(More)