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The ability of neurotrophins to modulate the survival and differentiation of neuronal populations involves the Trk/MAP (mitogen-activated protein kinase) kinase signaling pathway. More recently, neurotrophins have also been shown to regulate synaptic transmission. The synapsins are a family of neuron-specific phosphoproteins that play a role in regulation(More)
Recent studies have demonstrated that administration of an electroconvulsive shock produces a rapid and transient increase in tyrosyl phosphorylation of a approximately 40-kDa protein in rat brain. Initial characterization of this protein's chromatographic properties indicated that it might be a member of a recently identified family of kinases, referred to(More)
Recent studies have identified at least two homologous mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases that are activated by phosphorylation of both tyrosine and threonine residues by an activator kinase. To help define the role of these MAP kinases in neuronal signalling, we have used primary cultures derived from fetal rat cortex to assess the regulation of their(More)
T cell signaling via the CD4 surface antigen is mediated by the associated tyrosyl protein kinase p56lck. The 42-kilodalton mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase (p42mapk) was tyrosyl-phosphorylated and activated after treatment of the murine T lymphoma cell line 171CD4+, which expresses CD4, with antibody to CD3. Treatment of the CD4-deficient cell line(More)
Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF), Interleukin-3 (IL-3), and Steel Factor (SF) induce proliferation of hematopoietic cells through binding to specific, high-affinity, cell surface receptors. However, little is known about postreceptor signal transduction pathways. In previous studies, we noted that each of these three factors could(More)
BACKGROUND Integrin-linked kinase (ILK) is a highly evolutionarily conserved, multi-domain signaling protein that localizes to focal adhesions, myofilaments and centrosomes where it forms distinct multi-protein complexes to regulate cell adhesion, cell contraction, actin cytoskeletal organization and mitotic spindle assembly. Numerous studies have(More)
Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) elicits responses by macrophages that help the body repel infections. Recent evidence indicates that phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) may mediate some of these responses. Here, we show that exposing macrophages to LPS rapidly increased membrane-associated PI 3-kinase activity and also elevated p70 S6 kinase(More)
Allogeneic bone marrow transplant (BMT) recipients have increased susceptibility to infections for prolonged periods after phenotypic reconstitution of donor cells. This immunodeficiency status is characterized by multiple T-cell functional abnormalities. This study was designed to investigate several signaling pathways involved in T-cell activation during(More)