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Activation by thioesterification to coenzyme A is a prerequisite for most reactions involving fatty acids. Enzymes catalyzing activation, acyl-CoA synthetases, have been classified by their chain length specificities. The most recently identified family is the very long-chain acyl-CoA synthetases (VLCS). Although several members of this group are capable of(More)
Cell surface sialylation of three metastasizing sublines HCT116, HCT116a and HCT116b of a human colon carcinoma was shown to correlate with their in vivo tumorigenicity. Lectin binding studies revealed further differences in cell surface glycosylation between HCT116a and HCT116 sublines. Binding to collagen IV correlated with the in vivo aggressiveness of(More)
BACKGROUND Holoprosencephaly (HPE) is the most common structural malformation of the developing forebrain in humans. The aetiology is heterogeneous and remains unexplained in approximately 75% of patients. OBJECTIVE To examine cholesterol biosynthesis in lymphoblastoid cell lines of 228 patients with HPE, since perturbations of cholesterol homeostasis are(More)
We have previously presented evidence that cell-cell contact is the normal developmental signal to deactivate discoidin I gene expression in D discoideum [Berger EA, Clark JM: Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 80:4983, 1983]. Here we provide genetic evidence to support this hypothesis by examining gene expression in a cohesion-defective mutant, strain EB-21, which(More)
Sleep enhances memory consolidation and it has been hypothesized that rapid eye movement (REM) sleep in particular facilitates the consolidation of emotional memory. The aim of this study was to investigate this hypothesis using selective REM-sleep deprivation. We used a recognition memory task in which participants were shown negative and neutral pictures.(More)
The adhesion of HT29 human colon adenocarcinoma cells to different extracellular matrix components was studied. While treatment of the cells with sialidase had no detectable effect on binding to laminin and fibronectin, attachment to collagen IV was decreased. However, additional removal of beta-(1-4)-bound galactose led to significantly reduced binding to(More)
Craniofrontonasal syndrome (CFNS) is an X-linked disorder caused by inactivating mutations in the gene for ephrin-B1 (EFNB1). Paradoxically it shows a more severe phenotype in females than in males. As a result of X inactivation cell populations with and without EFNB1 expression are found in EFNB1+/- females. This is thought to initiate a process termed(More)
s 3 tumors and lymphomas. Under these conditions most animals develop measurable growing tumors by day 7 and show multiple lung and lymph node metastases when autopsied on day 21. However, the production of metastases depends on the number of cells injected and on the ATS dose used. Using melanoma cell lines, we showed that this model is highly sensitive,(More)
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