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A European Federation of Cytology Societies (EFCS) working party of 28 members from 14 European countries met at the European Congress of Cytology in Lisbon in September 2009, with two observers from the USA, to discuss the need for standardising thyroid FNA nomenclature in the light of the National Institute of Cancer (NCI) recommendations resulting from(More)
BACKGROUND Pheochromocytomas are tumours arising from chromaffin tissue located in the adrenal medulla associated with typical symptoms and signs which may occasionally develop metastases, which are defined as the presence of tumour cells at sites where these cells are not found. This retrospective analysis was focused on clinical, genetic and(More)
Pancreatic cancer still remains one of the tumors with the worst prognosis. The five-year survival rate ranges between 0.4 to 2 per cent. In most cases the tumor is diagnosed at an advanced stage, which does not allow a radical surgical treatment. Currently, the diagnosis of pancreatic cancer is based on dynamically developing imaging methods that allow(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the algorithms employed to explore the suggestion or consideration of metastatic malignancy in the thyroid. STUDY DESIGN Thirty-seven cases with a history of malignancy (n = 21) and/or uncommon fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) findings (n = 37) were reviewed and reclassified according to The Bethesda System for Reporting Thyroid(More)
BACKGROUND Mixed medullary-follicular carcinoma of the thyroid with a pleomorphic pattern is a rare malignant epithelial tumor characterized by clinical and immunohistochemical features of follicular and parafollicular thyroid cells. Different molecular mechanisms for mixed thyroid tumors have been suggested. CASE REPORT We describe a 71-year-old man with(More)
Radical cystectomy with pelvic lymphadenectomy and urinary diversion is an important component in the treatment of bladder cancer. It is considered the most important method in the therapy for muscle invasive and selected high-risk non-muscle invasive tumours with excellent local control and high complete remission rate. It consists of complete removal of(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine whether narrow band imaging (NBI) improves detection of non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer over white-light imaging (WLI) cystoscopy. METHODS We conducted a prospective, within-patient comparison on 103 consecutive procedures on 95 patients scheduled for (re-) transurethral resection of a bladder tumor (84) or bladder biopsies (19)(More)
AIMS AND BACKGROUND The coincidence of benign or malignant thyroid tumors with thyroglossal duct remnant (TDR) cysts is rare. Although the precise etiology is still unclear, thyroid origin and spread from a primary site have been suggested and this obviously has important implications for the therapeutic approach. Three cases of thyroglossal duct carcinoma(More)
Male rats fed by a standard diet with determined of bromine and iodine content were exposed to a 133-day oral administration of KBr (100, 200, 400 mg Br-/l drinking water). Their thyroid glands showed increased growth of the epithelial cells reflected by a microfollicular rearrangement of the parenchyma due to proliferation of very small follicles with a(More)
OBJECTIVES The expression pattern of PAX5 in the tissue of superficial bladder transitional cell carcinoma (TCC), its prognostic value and its correlation with p53 immunohistochemistry and p53 mutation analysis were evaluated. METHODS Study comprised 61 patients with histologically confirmed superficial bladder TCC. Expression level of PAX5 mRNA was(More)