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Membrane-potential-dependent accumulation of diS-C3(3) in intact yeast cells in suspension is accompanied by a red shift of the maximum of its fluorescence emission spectrum, lambda max, caused by a readily reversible probe binding to cell constituents. Membrane depolarization by external KCl (with or without valinomycin) or by ionophores causes a fast and(More)
ESCRT-I is required for the sorting of integral membrane proteins to the lysosome, or vacuole in yeast, for cytokinesis in animal cells, and for the budding of HIV-1 from human macrophages and T lymphocytes. ESCRT-I is a heterotetramer of Vps23, Vps28, Vps37, and Mvb12. The crystal structures of the core complex and the ubiquitin E2 variant and Vps28(More)
We characterized physical and chemical properties of cell-membrane fragments from Bacillus subtilis 168 (trpC2) grown at pH 5.0, 7.0 and 8.5. Effects of long-term bacterial adaptation reflected in growth rates and in changes of the membrane lipid composition were correlated with lipid order and dynamics using time-resolved fluorescence anisotropy of(More)
Yeast 14-3-3 protein isoforms BMH1 and BMH2 possess a distinctly variant C-terminal tail which differentiates them from the isoforms of higher eukaryotes. Their C-termini are longer and contain a polyglutamine stretch of unknown function. It is now well established that the C-terminal segment of 14-3-3 proteins plays an important regulatory role by(More)
The role of 14-3-3 proteins in the regulation of FOXO forkhead transcription factors is at least 2-fold. First, the 14-3-3 binding inhibits the interaction between the FOXO and the target DNA. Second, the 14-3-3 proteins prevent nuclear reimport of FOXO factors by masking their nuclear localization signal. The exact mechanisms of these processes are still(More)
FoxO4 belongs to the "O" subset of forkhead transcription factors, which participate in various cellular processes. The forkhead DNA binding domain (DBD) consists of three-helix bundle resting on a small antiparallel beta-sheet from which two extended loops protrude and create two wing-like structures. The wing W2 of FoxO factors contains a 14-3-3(More)
This study investigates the usefulness of lifetime measurements of Sodium Green for evaluating intracellular Na+ concentration ([Na+]i) in HeLa cells. Frequency-domain lifetime measurements are performed in HeLa cells and in different buffer solutions (with and without K+ and bovine serum albumin). In all cases, the fluorescence decays of Sodium Green are(More)
14-3-3 proteins are important regulators of numerous cellular signaling circuits. They bind to phosphorylated protein ligands and regulate their functions by a number of different mechanisms. The C-terminal part of the 14-3-3 protein is known to be involved in the regulation of 14-3-3 binding properties. The structure of this region is unknown; however, a(More)
The 14-3-3 proteins are a family of regulatory signaling molecules that interact with other proteins in a phosphorylation-dependent manner. 14-3-3 proteins are thought to play a direct role in the regulation of subcellular localization of FoxO forkhead transcription factors. It has been suggested that the interaction with the 14-3-3 protein affects FoxO(More)
Regulator of G protein signaling (RGS) proteins function as GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) for the alpha-subunit of heterotrimeric G proteins. Several RGS proteins have been found to interact with 14-3-3 proteins. The 14-3-3 protein binding inhibits the GAP function of RGS proteins presumably by blocking their interaction with G(alpha) subunit. Since RGS(More)