Jaroslav Večeř

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Membrane-potential-dependent accumulation of diS-C3(3) in intact yeast cells in suspension is accompanied by a red shift of the maximum of its fluorescence emission spectrum, lambda max, caused by a readily reversible probe binding to cell constituents. Membrane depolarization by external KCl (with or without valinomycin) or by ionophores causes a fast and(More)
Attempt was made to measure the membrane potential in yeast cells by the electrochromic probe di-4-ANEPPS (dibutylaminonaphthylethylene pyridinium propyl sulfonate) which has previously been used for measuring action potentials in neurons [1, 2]. This probe is believed to provide fluorescent response to changes in transmembrane electric field in nanoseconds(More)
Tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) catalyzes the first step in the biosynthesis of catecholamines. Regulation of TH enzyme activity is controlled through the posttranslational modification of its regulatory domain. The regulatory domain of TH can be phosphorylated at four serines (8, 19, 31, and 40) by a variety of protein kinases. Phosphorylation of Ser19 does not(More)
14-3-3 proteins are abundant binding proteins involved in many biologically important processes. 14-3-3 proteins bind to other proteins in a phosphorylation-dependent manner and function as scaffold molecules modulating the activity of their binding partners. In this work, we studied the conformational changes of 14-3-3 C-terminal stretch, a region(More)
FoxO4 belongs to the "O" subset of forkhead transcription factors, which participate in various cellular processes. The forkhead DNA binding domain (DBD) consists of three-helix bundle resting on a small antiparallel beta-sheet from which two extended loops protrude and create two wing-like structures. The wing W2 of FoxO factors contains a 14-3-3(More)
The 14-3-3 proteins are a family of regulatory signaling molecules that interact with other proteins in a phosphorylation-dependent manner. 14-3-3 proteins are thought to play a direct role in the regulation of subcellular localization of FoxO forkhead transcription factors. It has been suggested that the interaction with the 14-3-3 protein affects FoxO(More)
When exposed to the intracellular environment fluorescent probes sensitive to pH exhibit changes of photophysical characteristics as a result of an interaction of the dye molecule with cell constituents such as proteins, lipids or nucleic acids. This effect is reflected in calibration curves different from those found with the same dye in pure buffer(More)
14-3-3 proteins are important regulators of numerous cellular signaling circuits. They bind to phosphorylated protein ligands and regulate their functions by a number of different mechanisms. The C-terminal part of the 14-3-3 protein is known to be involved in the regulation of 14-3-3 binding properties. The structure of this region is unknown; however, a(More)
ESCRT-I is required for the sorting of integral membrane proteins to the lysosome, or vacuole in yeast, for cytokinesis in animal cells, and for the budding of HIV-1 from human macrophages and T lymphocytes. ESCRT-I is a heterotetramer of Vps23, Vps28, Vps37, and Mvb12. The crystal structures of the core complex and the ubiquitin E2 variant and Vps28(More)
Potential-sensitive fluorescent probes oxonol V and oxonol VI were employed for monitoring membrane potential (Delta(psi)) generated by the Schizosaccharomyces pombe plasma membrane H(+)-ATPase reconstituted into vesicles. Oxonol VI was used for quantitative measurements of the Delta(psi) because its response to membrane potential changes can be easily(More)