Jiri Horacek7
Cyril Höschl6
7Jiri Horacek
6Cyril Höschl
4Filip Spaniel
3Martin Brunovsky
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If corpus callosum (CC) mediates the activation of the secondary somatosensory area (SII) ipsilateral to the side of stimulation, then the peak latencies of the contra- and ipsilateral SII activity as well as the amplitude of the ipsilateral SII activity should correlate with the size of CC. Innocuous electrical stimuli of five different intensities were(More)
INTRODUCTION Modulation of neurodegeneration by physical activity is an active topic in contemporary research. The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in the brain's microstructure in multiple sclerosis (MS) after facilitation physiotherapy. METHODS Eleven patients with MS were examined using motor and neuropsychological testing and(More)
OBJECTIVE Event-related desynchronization (ERD) and synchronization (ERS) of the Rolandic electroencephalographic (EEG) rhythms following brief, innocuous electrocutaneous stimulation were studied with respect to stimulus intensity and repetition and the size of corpus callosum (CC). METHODS EEG was recorded using 82 closely spaced electrodes in 13(More)
OBJECTIVES To address the role of latent T. gondii infection in schizophrenia we studied the influence of latent toxoplasmosis on brain morphology. METHODS An optimized voxel-based morphometry of magnetic resonance imaging was analyzed by analysis of variance with diagnosis and seropositivity as factors in 44 schizophrenic patients (12 T. gondii positive)(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to assess structural changes in gray matter (GM) volume and fractional anisotropy (FA) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) compared to control subjects using Voxel-Based Morphometry (VBM). Fractional anisotropy in the corpus callosum of both groups was also calculated using ROI analysis. METHODS Twenty-one patients(More)
Whole-brain voxel-based morphometry (VBM) studies provide support for orbitofrontal, medial frontal as well as for dorsal cortical volumetric alteration in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). However, there is still a need to replicate a priori unpredicted findings and to elucidate white matter volumetric abnormalities and relationships between grey (GM)(More)
Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) consisting of electrical stimulation of the dorsal spinal cord using epidural electrodes has been shown to relieve chronic neuropathic pain. To analyze the cerebral activation patterns related to SCS, and to evaluate the effects of SCS on the processing of acute experimental pain, we performed functional magnetic resonance(More)
AIM Previous studies have suggested altered structural and functional asymmetry of the brain in schizophrenia. METHODS Functional MRI was used to assess differences in cortical activation during a verbal task in Broca's area and its contralateral homologue in four pairs of right-handed monozygotic (MZ) twins discordant and concordant for schizophrenia(More)
BACKGROUND Aberrant amygdala reactivity to affective stimuli represents a candidate factor predisposing patients with bipolar disorder (BD) to relapse, but it is unclear to what extent amygdala reactivity is state-dependent. We evaluated the modulatory influence of mood on amygdala reactivity and functional connectivity in patients with remitted BD and(More)
OBJECTIVES To map the brain activity during bladder filling by functional magnetic resonance imaging using a refined scanning protocol including synchronous urodynamics and pelvic floor muscle contractions. METHODS A total of 23 healthy female volunteers (age 20-68 years) were enrolled. Participants were asked to contract their pelvic floor muscles. This(More)