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Modification of low density lipoprotein (LDL) particles due to oxidation, glycation and binding of advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) or malondialdehyde (MDA, a final product of lipid peroxidation) is considered most important in the process of atherogenesis. Oxidatively modified LDL are distinguished by another receptor type, which was discovered on(More)
BACKGROUND Levels of the endogenous nitric oxide synthase inhibitor asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) are elevated in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and may contribute to vascular complications. In this study we tested the hypothesis that elevated ADMA can be reduced in obese CKD patients by long-term administration of a low-protein diet supplemented with(More)
Diabetes mellitus is considered to be one of a rank of free radical diseases. The existence of hyperglycemia produces increased oxidative stress (OS) via non-enzymatic glycation, glucose autoxidation, and alterations in polyol pathway activity with subsequent influences on the whole organism. In childhood, Type 1 diabetes prevails and is characterized by(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of chromium (Cr)- enriched yeast on blood glucose and insulin variables, blood lipids, and blood markers of oxidative stress in persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus (median duration: 3.0 yr). Thirty-six subjects (9 men, 27 women; mean age: 61.3 yr; mean body mass index: 34.33 kg/m2) were supplemented with(More)
BACKGROUND Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal proBNP (NT-proBNP) are released into circulation as a result of congestive heart failure (HF). As HF and water overload are frequent complications in haemodialysis (HD) patients, we decided to study the levels of BNP and NT-proBNP and their changes during HD. METHODS BNP and NT-proBNP levels were(More)
The authors administered to 36 workers exposed to lead, for four weeks the preparation Prolong which contains vitamin C, vitamin E, beta-carotene, selenium, zinc and chromium and investigated the effect on indicators of free radicals. A statistically significant increase of the following occurred: superoxide dismutase (p < 0.001), glutathione peroxidase (p(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the balance between the pro-oxidative and antioxidative defence system after repeated painful stimulation in rats and the efficacy of the administration of different antioxidants (vitamins C, E, A, and selenium), analgesics (acetylsalicylic acid, morphine), and their combinations. METHODS Mechanical clamping of both hind limbs was(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of regular daily consumption of white wine on oxidative stress and cardiovascular risk markers. Forty-two healthy male volunteers consumed 375 ml of white wine daily. Each participant provided three venous blood samples (before wine consumption, following the wine consumption period and again a month later).(More)
The aim of this study was to observe the effect of folate and antioxidants alone on homocysteine levels and oxidative stress markers, and to evaluate whether their co-administration promotes their effects. One hundred patients with hyperhomocysteinemia were randomized into four equal groups, which were then treated with folate, antioxidants or folate plus(More)
Chromium is required for a normal insulin function, and low levels have been linked with insulin resistance. The aim of this study was to follow the effect of chromium supplementation on fasting plasma glucose (FPG), glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) and serum lipids in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) on insulin therapy. Eleven randomly selected(More)