Jaroslav Pelisek

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OBJECTIVE With the established computed tomographic (CT)- morphologic parameters, only the relative, but not the individual rupture risk of abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), can be determined. So far, increased aortic 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) metabolism measured by positron emission tomography (PET) has been reported in AAA with increased rupture risk.(More)
BACKGROUND Inflammation has been closely linked to auto-immunogenic processes in atherosclerosis. Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) are specialized to produce type-I interferons in response to pathogenic single-stranded nucleic acids, but can also sense self-DNA released from dying cells or in neutrophil extracellular traps complexed to the antimicrobial(More)
OBJECTIVES The goal of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of [(18)F]Galacto-RGD positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) imaging of αvβ3 expression in human carotid plaques. BACKGROUND The integrin αvβ3 is expressed by macrophages and angiogenic endothelial cells in atherosclerotic lesions and thus is a marker of plaque(More)
BACKGROUND In this study a multiscore analysis of various biomarkers including matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), inflammatory factors and other clinical parameters was performed to establish a set of reliable biomarkers for improved detection of plaque instability in patients with advanced carotid stenosis. METHODS Study patients (n = 101) were classified(More)
UNLABELLED There is a need for in vivo monitoring of cell engraftment and survival after cardiac cell transplantation therapy. This study assessed the feasibility and usefulness of combined PET and MRI for monitoring cell engraftment and survival after cell transplantation. METHODS Human endothelial progenitor cells (HEPCs), derived from CD34+ mononuclear(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the long-term effect of local, liposome-mediated gene transfer of C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) plasmid versus CNP protein on restenosis in porcine renal arteries following balloon angioplasty. METHODS The renal arteries of 15 pigs were dilated and the adventitia at the site of balloon injury injected with CNP protein, pCR3.1(More)
UNLABELLED It has been suggested that vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and statins enhance the survival, proliferation, and function of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). We investigated whether reporter gene PET can be used to detect the effects of atorvastatin and VEGF on survival of EPCs after transplantation in the rat heart. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE Relevant soluble matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), their inhibitors, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases (TIMPs), and serological factors were analyzed as possible biomarkers for neurological symptoms in patients with carotid artery stenosis. METHODS AND RESULTS Asymptomatic (n = 76) and symptomatic (n = 69) patients were evaluated. Serum(More)
BACKGROUND Restenosis is still a significant clinical problem limiting the long-term therapeutic success following balloon dilation or stent implantation. New approaches are necessary inhibiting neointima formation and simultaneously promoting re-endothelialization. Therefore, long-term therapeutic effects of adventitial liposome-mediated C-type natriuretic(More)
Gene therapy strategies for the prevention of restenosis postangioplasty are promising. Nonviral gene transfer to the arterial wall in vivo has so far been limited by poor efficiency. This study aimed to optimize transfection of primary vascular smooth muscle cells using cationic nonviral formulations based on cholesterol derivates (DC-, DAC-, DCQ-, and(More)