Jaroslav Janosek

Learn More
Toxic effects of many persistent organic pollutants (e.g., polychlorinated biphenyls or polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and furans) are mediated via the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). Although polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and their derivatives also activate AhR, their toxic effects remain to be fully elucidated. In the present study, we used(More)
In this study, organic extracts of total suspended particles (TSP) and the particulate matter (PM) with the size below 2.5 microm (PM(2.5)) combined with organic extracts of the gas phase (GP) collected at two urban and two background localities were analyzed with a bacterial genotoxicity test, SOS chromotest, and an in vitro test for the dioxin toxicity(More)
A group of intracellular nuclear receptors is a protein superfamily including arylhydrocarbon AhR, estrogen ER, androgen AR, thyroid TR and retinoid receptors RAR/RXR as well as molecules with unknown function known as orphan receptors. These proteins play an important role in a wide range of physiological as well as toxicological processes acting as(More)
The objective of this study was to determine the concentrations of an extended series of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and nitrated PAHs in outdoor air samples collected in low-contaminated urban areas, affected mainly by traffic emissions, and to estimate in vitro mutagenic and dioxin-like toxicity of extracts from these samples. Data on(More)
Humic substances (HS) were for decades regarded as inert in the ecosystems with respect to their possible toxicity. However, HS have been recently shown to elicit various adverse effects generally attributed to xenobiotics. In our study, we used MVLN and H4IIE-luc cell lines stably transfected with luciferase gene under control of estrogen receptor (ER) and(More)
Retinoids are known to regulate important processes such as differentiation, development, and embryogenesis. Some effects, such as malformations in frogs or changes in metabolism of birds, could be related to disruption of the retinoid signaling pathway by exposure to organic contaminants. A new reporter gene assay has been established for evaluation of the(More)
Humic substances (HS) are ubiquitous in the environment. However, some studies indicate that HS could induce direct adverse effects on human health and hormone-like effects in fish, amphibians, and invertebrates. In this study we investigated a possible biochemical mechanism of HS toxicity via activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR). AhR mediates(More)
The first case of not imported dicroceliasis in Czechoslovakia is reported in an eleven-year-old boy. The patient suffered from gastrointestinal complaints for about half a year. Diarrhea frequently alternated with constipation, the abdominal pain was mainly in the region of the pancreas. With the exception of eosinophilia (16%), all other laboratory(More)
Identification and properties of Aerococcus viridans isolated from the blood of a patient with infectious endocarditis are described. The role of this agent in the pathogenesis of this disease was demonstrated by repeated cultivations as well as by high titres of specific antibodies in the patient's serum. Pathogenicity of this strain for experimental(More)
Pollution of surface soils by traffic, especially along major highways, can be a significant issue. Numerous studies have demonstrated traffic to be an important source of particulate matter and gas-phase organic air pollutants that produce many types of deleterious effects. This article brings original information about the presence of contaminants with(More)