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Arginase inhibitor Nω-hydroxy-nor-L-arginine (nor-NOHA) augments synthesis of nitric oxide (NO) exerting therapeutic effects in rodent models for cardiovascular and airway diseases. This study examined single- and multiple-dose pharmacokinetics and effects of nor-NOHA on plasma amino acids in Wistar rats. Animals were administered 30 mg/kg nor-NOHA in a(More)
1.  Rodent studies have documented that N(ω)-hydroxy-nor-L-arginine (nor-NOHA), an arginase inhibitor, has therapeutic potential in the treatment of cardiovascular and obstructive airway diseases. However, its bioavailability and pharmacokinetics have not been described so far. 2.  Anesthetized brown Norway rats were administered single doses of nor-NOHA(More)
OBJECTIVE In contrast to the anti-proliferative properties of high-dose methotrexate (MTX) its anti-inflammatory mechanism of action in rheumatic diseases has been attributed to increased adenosine accumulation, most likely caused by long-lived intracellular MTX polyglutamates. The aim of this study was to assess adenosine concentrations in MTX-treated and(More)
For the purpose of in vivo pharmacokinetic studies, an HPLC method was developed and validated for the quantification of N-(ω)-hydroxy-nor-L-arginine, L-arginine and N-(ω)-ethyl-L-arginine (internal standard) in rat plasma. Sample processing involved a solid-phase extraction on the Waters MCX cartridges and on-line pre-column derivatization of the analytes(More)
The pharmacokinetics of total and free plasma platinum (Pt) and Pt tissue distribution were investigated in rats after oral administration of (OC-6-43)-bis(acetato)(1-adamantylamine)amminedichloroplatinum(IV) (LA-12). Plasma and ultrafiltrate were sampled until 48 h and tissue samples were taken at 24 and 48 h after single doses of 38.6 or 540 mg LA-12/kg,(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate intra-individual variability in metabolic ratios (MRs) of dextromethorphan (DM) in healthy volunteers and to compare the MRs in urine collected 0-4, 0-8 and 0-24 h post-dose. Urinary molar ratios of DM to dextrorphan (MR1) and of DM to methoxymorphinan (MR2) were obtained after a single oral 27.5 mg dose of DM(More)
Low dose pulse methotrexate (LDMTX) therapy has become effective in the treatment of autoimmune and lymphoproliferative diseases. The pharmacokinetics of LDMTX is individually highly variable, resulting in a different systemic exposure to the drug and a variable therapeutic/toxic effect in patients. The improvements and exacerbations of disease activity in(More)
K027 [1-(4-hydroxyiminomethylpyridinium)-3-(4-carbamoylpyridinium)-propane dibromide] is a promising new reactivator of organophosphate- or organophosphonate-inhibited acetylcholinesterase (AChE) with low acute toxicity and broad spectrum efficacy. The aim of the present study was to compare the pharmacokinetics of both compounds. Male Wistar rats (body(More)
Simultaneous HPLC determination of the analgetic agent tramadol, its major pharmacodynamically active metabolite (O-desmethyltramadol) in human plasma is described. Simple methods for the preparation of the standard of the above-mentioned tramadol metabolite and N1,N1-dimethylsulfanilamide (used as the internal standard) are also presented. The analytical(More)
Methotrexate is used widely in the pharmacotherapy of juvenile idiopathic arthritis. Polyglutamates of methotrexate are active metabolites which accumulate in cells including erythrocytes. Their intracellular concentration may reflect methotrexate bioavailability and, at the same time, may serve as a bioindicator for optimization of methotrexate therapy and(More)