Jaroslav Blaško

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Isomer mixtures of monomethyl branched saturated C7-C23 fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) were prepared by performing a methylene insertion reaction to the straight chain FAME and this study model was completed by using commercially available standards of C4-C7 FAME. The equivalent chain lengths (ECL) of all 220 C4-C23 monomethyl branched FAME on OV-1(More)
To combat the emergence of drug-resistant strains of Mycobacterium tuberculosis, new antitubercular agents and novel drug targets are needed. Phenotypic screening of a library of 594 hit compounds uncovered two leads that were active against M. tuberculosis in its replicating, non-replicating, and intracellular states: compounds 7947882(More)
A combination of chemical genetic and biochemical assays was applied to investigate the mechanism of action of the anticancer drug 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). 5-FU resistance was associated with mutations in upp or pyrR. Upp-catalyzed conversion of 5-FU to FUMP was shown to constitute the first step in the mechanism of(More)
A newly designed needle trap device with Carbopack X as a sorbent material is used for sampling, preconcentration and injection of volatile analytes benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes (BTEX) into gas chromatograph. The closed system of stripping the analytes from water samples was used. An injection port with a modified metal liner was used to(More)
Simultaneous application of UV light and ultrasonic irradiation to a reaction mixture containing 1-iodocyclohexene is reported. The irradiation of 1-iodocyclohexene in methanol was carried out with or without addition of zinc. The effect of ultrasound or mechanical stirring on this solid-liquid system was also compared. The irradiation of 1-iodocyclohexene(More)
The development of resistance to azole antifungals used in the treatment of fungal infections can be a serious medical problem. Here, we investigate the molecular mechanisms associated with reduced susceptibility to fluconazole in clinical isolates of Candida dubliniensis , showing evidence of the trailing growth phenomenon. The changes in membrane sterol(More)
The developed method for trace analysis of volatile components in plasma allows direct injection of up to 150 samples to the GC-MS/MS system without injector cleaning. This method requires no modification of plasma and the working environment does not interfere with the determination of these analytes. The method allows simultaneous quantification of(More)
A simple two-step method for the derivatization of polar compounds (lactate, alanine, glycerol, succinate and glucose) using hexamethyldisilazane (HMDS) and N,O-bis(trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide (BSTFA) was developed. This method allows direct derivatization of aqueous samples wihout sample pretreatment. The method was used for the analysis of the(More)
A simple method for the simultaneous derivatization of carbohydrates, polyols, amines and amino acids using hexamethyldisilazane and N,O-bis(trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide was developed. This method allows the direct derivatization of urine samples without sample pretreatment before derivatization. The method was successfully used for analysis of the(More)
A generally known problem of GC separation of trans-7;cis-9; cis-9,trans-11; and trans-8,cis-10 CLA (conjugated linoleic acid) isomers was studied by GC-MS on 100m capillary column coated with cyanopropyl silicone phase at isothermal column temperatures in a range of 140-170 degrees C. The resolution of these CLA isomers obtained at given conditions was not(More)