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OBJECTIVE HOCl, a major bactericidal product of neutrophil MPO-halide system reacts with taurine to form taurine chloramine (TauCl), a less toxic anti-inflammatory mediator. Recently, it has been reported that HOCl may also react with nitrite (NO2-), a major end-product of nitric oxide (NO) metabolism, to form very active oxidant, nitryl chloride (NO2Cl).(More)
This study was designed to determine the characteristics of tumour cell-derived microvesicles (TMV) and their interactions with human monocytes. TMV were shed spontaneously by three different human cancer cell lines but their release was significantly increased upon activation of the cells with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). TMV showed the presence(More)
Tumour cells are shedding membrane fragments (tumour-derived microvesicles, TMV) that may interact with cells of immune system. Our previous observations indicated that TMV carry several surface determinants and mRNA of tumour cells and transfer some of them to monocytes. This study determined the effect of TMV on biological activity of human monocytes as(More)
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is phagocytic cell metabolic disorder resulting in recurrent infections and granuloma formation. This paper reports the favourable outcome of allogeneic transplantation in six high-risk CGD patients. The following donors were used: HLA-matched, related (two) and unrelated (three), and HLA-mismatched, unrelated (one). One(More)
Micro(nano)vesicles (MV) are regarded as important messengers in cell-to-cell communication. There is also evidence for their pivotal role in cancer progression. Circulating MV are of different body cells origin, including tumor cell‑derived MV (TMV) in cancer patients. Determination of circulating TMV is of importance because of their potential diagnostic(More)
Human peripheral blood monocytes become apoptotic following phagocytosis and killing of Staphylococcus aureus. Although this type of monocyte apoptosis is known to be initiated by Fas-Fas ligand (FasL) interactions, the downstream signaling pathway has not been determined. In this work the involvement of mitochondria and the kinetics of caspase-8 and(More)
Monocytes exhibit direct and indirect antitumour activities and may be potentially useful for various forms of adoptive cellular immunotherapy of cancer. However, blood is a limited source of them. This study explored whether monocytes can be obtained from bone marrow haematopoietic CD34(+) stem cells of colon cancer patients, using previously described(More)
The two-colour flow cytometry method applied in a routine enumeration of peripheral blood T lymphocyte subsets reveals that in some patients the entire population of CD4+ lymphocytes seems to express CD8 determinants as well. However, expression of the CD8 antigens on the cell surface is much lower in comparison with typical CD8+ cells. Moreover, in(More)
In estrogen-induced cancer, catechol formation from administered steroids has been postulated to be a necessary event for estrogen activation and subsequent damage to cellular macromolecules. In the present study, this hypothesis has been tested using two homologous series of structurally related estrogens: estradiol, 11 beta-methylestradiol, 11(More)
We prepared a new series of renin inhibitors based on dipeptide glycols, replacing the P4-P3 subsites with an O-(N-morpholinocarbonyl)-3-L-phenyllactic acid residue. This modification proved bioisosteric with Boc-L-phenylalanine, giving rise to highly potent human renin inhibitors (1-5 nM), e.g., SC-46944 (IC50 = 5 nM). Moreover, this change produced(More)