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The aim of this study was to evaluate the B-cell compartment in the peripheral blood of children with different types of hypogammaglobulinemia: common variable immunodeficiency (CVID), transient hypogammaglobulinemia of infancy (THI), and selective IgA deficiency (SIgAD). We analyzed by flow cytometry the changes in the B-cell subsets with age and showed(More)
Tumour cells are shedding membrane fragments (tumour-derived microvesicles, TMV) that may interact with cells of immune system. Our previous observations indicated that TMV carry several surface determinants and mRNA of tumour cells and transfer some of them to monocytes. This study determined the effect of TMV on biological activity of human monocytes as(More)
This study was designed to determine the characteristics of tumour cell-derived microvesicles (TMV) and their interactions with human monocytes. TMV were shed spontaneously by three different human cancer cell lines but their release was significantly increased upon activation of the cells with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA). TMV showed the presence(More)
Immunotherapy with Mycobacterium vaccae as an adjuvant to chemotherapy has recently been applied to treatment of patients with cancer. One of the mechanisms of antitumour activity of Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG), the prototype immunomodulator, is associated with activation of monocytes/macrophages. These studies were undertaken to(More)
Chronic granulomatous disease (CGD) is phagocytic cell metabolic disorder resulting in recurrent infections and granuloma formation. This paper reports the favourable outcome of allogeneic transplantation in six high-risk CGD patients. The following donors were used: HLA-matched, related (two) and unrelated (three), and HLA-mismatched, unrelated (one). One(More)
Micro(nano)vesicles (MV) are regarded as important messengers in cell-to-cell communication. There is also evidence for their pivotal role in cancer progression. Circulating MV are of different body cells origin, including tumor cell‑derived MV (TMV) in cancer patients. Determination of circulating TMV is of importance because of their potential diagnostic(More)
BACKGROUND (-)-Epicatechin (EC) induces oxidative DNA damage in HL-60 cells. The association between genotoxic and apoptotic/necrotic effects of EC was studied in rats with acute myeloid leukaemia. MATERIALS AND METHODS Healthy and leukaemic rats were given EC by oral gavage at a dose of 40 mg/kg body weight for 22 consecutive days. Bone marrow cells were(More)
Monocytes exhibit direct and indirect antitumour activities and may be potentially useful for various forms of adoptive cellular immunotherapy of cancer. However, blood is a limited source of them. This study explored whether monocytes can be obtained from bone marrow haematopoietic CD34+ stem cells of colon cancer patients, using previously described(More)
Human peripheral blood monocytes become apoptotic following phagocytosis and killing of Staphylococcus aureus. Although this type of monocyte apoptosis is known to be initiated by Fas-Fas ligand (FasL) interactions, the downstream signaling pathway has not been determined. In this work the involvement of mitochondria and the kinetics of caspase-8 and(More)