Jarno Knuutila

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Multichannel neuromagnetic recordings were used to differentiate signals from the human first (SI) and second (SII) somatosensory cortices and to define representations of body surface in them. The responses from contralateral SI, peaking at 20-40 ms, arose mainly from area 3b, where representations of the leg, hand, fingers, lips and tongue agreed with(More)
We recorded somatosensory evoked magnetic fields from ten healthy, right-handed subjects with a 122-channel whole-scalp SQUID magnetometer. The stimuli, exceeding the motor threshold, were delivered alternately to the left and right median nerves at the wrists, with interstimulus intervals of 1, 3, and 5 s. The first responses, peaking around 20 and 35 ms,(More)
Abstract Neuromagnetic responses were recorded to frequent "standard tones of l000 Hz and to infrequent 1100-Hz "deviant" tones with a 24-channel planar SQUID gradiometer. Stimuli were presented at constant interstimulus intervals (ISIs) ranging from 0.75 to 12 sec. The standards evoked a prominent 100-msec response, N100m, which increased in amplitude with(More)
We used a whole-scalp magnetometer with 122 planar gradiometers to study the activity of the visual cortex of five blind humans deprived of visual input since early infancy. Magnetic responses were recorded to pitch changes in a sound sequence when the subjects were either counting these changes or ignoring the stimuli. In two of the blind subjects,(More)
We recorded cortical magnetic signals, simultaneously over the whole scalp, from 6 healthy subjects during 3 motor tasks to track the varying proportion of contra- vs. ipsilateral activation. The subjects performed self-paced index finger flexions, simultaneous flexion of 4 fingers, and a sequence of rapid digit movements in different sessions. Index finger(More)
Processing of simple and complex sounds in the human brain was compared by recording extracranial magnetic mismatch responses (MMNm; the magnetic counterpart of the mismatch negativity, or MMN) to frequency changes in these sounds. Generator sources, modeled as equivalent current dipoles (ECDs), of MMNm responses to a change in one frequency element of(More)
The neurophysiological basis of sensory memory was studied by measuring the magnetic counterpart (MMNm) of the mismatch negativity (MMN) with a whole-head 122-channel magnetometer. The MMNm is a response to a difference in the presented stimulus and a neuronal memory trace formed by repeated standard stimuli. This trace must contain information about the(More)
The sampling theorem for wave-number-limited multivariable functions is applied to the problem of neuromagnetic field mapping. The wave-number spectrum and other relevant properties of these fields are estimated. A theory is derived for reconstructing neuromagnetic fields from measurements using sensor arrays which sample either the field component Bz(More)
We have recorded spontaneous magnetoencephalographic (MEG) activity during overnight natural sleep in 4 healthy adults with a 24-channel SQUID gradiometer, mainly over the sides of the head. All sleep stages were obtained. The MEG wave forms resembled the EEG phenomena recorded simultaneously from the scalp midline, but the electric and magnetic signals did(More)
Responses of the human brain to a complex sound pattern were recorded with a 24 channel magnetometer. The sound pattern consisted of 9 successive 50 ms segments, each with a different frequency. An infrequent change in the frequency of one of the segments elicited a magnetic mismatch response (MMNm) which peaked at about 200 ms after the deviant segment(More)