Jarl E. S. Wikberg

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The pro-opiomelanocortin-derived peptide alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) mediates broad anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory effects, which include inhibition of the production and release of proinflammatory cytokines and nitric oxide (NO) from macrophages. We investigated the effects of alpha-MSH, alpha-MSH(1-10), and alpha-MSH(11-13) on(More)
Knowledge of melanocortins and their receptors has increased tremendously over the last few years. The cloning of five melanocortin receptors, and the discovery of two endogenous antagonists for these receptors, agouti and agouti-related peptide, have sparked intense interest in the field. Here we give a comprehensive review of the pharmacology, physiology(More)
HIV-1 protease is a small homodimeric enzyme that ensures maturation of HIV virions by cleaving the viral precursor Gag and Gag-Pol polyproteins into structural and functional elements. The cleavage sites in the viral polyproteins share neither sequence homology nor binding motif and the specificity of the HIV-1 protease is therefore only partially(More)
Several novel cyclic MSH analogs were synthesized, and their binding properties were tested on cells transiently expressing the human melanocortin-1 (MC1), MC3, MC4, and MC5 receptors. We discovered a novel substance (HS024) that showed about 20-fold selectivity and very high affinity (Ki = 0.29 nM) for the MC4 receptor. HS024 (cyclic(More)
The melanocortin 1 receptor is a G-protein-coupled receptor that acts as a control point for control of the eumelanin/phaeomelanin ratio in mouse hair. MC1 receptor loss of function mutations lead to an increase in the ratio of phaeomelanin/eumelanin in many mammals resulting in yellow or red coat colours. We have previously shown that several common point(More)
We developed a method for the simultaneous determination of drug affinity constants for rat alpha 2A- and alpha 2B-adrenoceptor subtypes by using [3H]RX821002 radioligand binding in the kidney. Three competition curves were obtained for each drug: one for the test compound in the absence of ARC 239 (a drug found to have 108-fold higher affinity for alpha(More)
Strong evidence suggests a functional link between the melanocortin and dopamine systems. alpha-Melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) induced grooming behaviour, which can be blocked by dopamine receptor antagonists, is associated with increased dopaminergic transmission in the striatal regions. Whether this effect is mediated specifically by(More)
The melanocortin system has multifaceted roles in the control of body weight homeostasis, sexual behaviour and autonomic functions, and so targeting this pathway has immense promise for drug discovery across multiple therapeutic areas. In this Review, we first outline the physiological roles of the melanocortin system, then discuss the potential of(More)
Melanocytes and melanoma cells are known to possess receptors for melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH). A cDNA clone, designated 11D, has been isolated from human melanoma cells and encodes a MSH receptor. The cloned cDNA encodes a 317 amino acid protein with transmembrane topography characteristics of a G-protein-coupled receptor, but it does not show(More)
Melanocortin (MC) peptides are suggested to play a role in opiate dependence, where they antagonise the addictive properties of opiates. To further study the involvement of the MCs in drug dependence, we analysed the effects of the MC(4)-receptor antagonist HS014 (1 nmol/rat), and the non-selective MC-receptor agonist MTII (1 nmol/rat), using i.c.v.(More)