Jarkko Vesa Hautala

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In previous eye movement research on word length effects, spatial width has been confounded with the number of letters. McDonald (2006) unconfounded these factors by rendering all words in sentences in constant spatial width. In the present study, the Arial font with proportional letter spacing was used for varying the number of letters while equating for(More)
Typically orthographies are consistent in terms of reading direction, i.e. from left-to-right or right-to-left. However, some are bidirectional, i.e., certain parts of the text, (such as numerals in Urdu), are read against the default reading direction. Such sudden changes in reading direction may challenge the reader in many ways, at the level of planning(More)
In this study, a difficult unimodal sequential discrimination task, which could be solved rather simply by using abstract information, was performed in rabbit nictitating membrane paradigm to test the working hypothesis that animals are capable of using abstract information, at least to some extent. Two tones, A and B, formed four sequential, 500 ms(More)
Effects reflecting serial within-word processing are frequently found in pseudo- and non-word recognition tasks not only among fluent, but especially among dyslexic readers. However, the time course and locus of these serial within-word processing effects in the cognitive hierarchy (i.e., orthographic, phonological, lexical) have remained elusive. We(More)
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