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Analysis of nucleotide sugar metabolism is essential in studying glycosylation in cells. Here we describe practical methods for both extraction of nucleotide sugars from cell lysates and for their analytical separation. Solid-phase extraction cartridges containing graphitized carbon can be used for the purification of nucleotide sugars by using(More)
Fucosylation of glycans on glycoproteins and -lipids requires the enzymatic activity of relevant fucosyltransferases and GDP-L-fucose as the donor. Due to the biological importance of fucosylated glycans, a readily accessible source of GDP-L-fucose would be required. Here we describe the construction of a stable recombinant S.cerevisiae strain expressing(More)
Intestinal microbiota plays an important role in human health, and its composition is determined by several factors, such as diet and host genotype. However, thus far it has remained unknown which host genes are determinants for the microbiota composition. We studied the diversity and abundance of dominant bacteria and bifidobacteria from the faecal samples(More)
BACKGROUND Although ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury represents a major problem in posttransplant organ failure, effective treatment is not available. The acute phase protein alpha-1-acid glycoprotein (AGP) has been shown to be protective against experimental I/R injury. The effects of AGP are thought to be mediated by fucose groups expressed on the AGP(More)
We have recently developed an in vitro culture model enabling the large-scale expansion of switched-memory B lymphocytes, producing a polyclonal human IgG repertoire. Given the importance of glycosylation for the functions of immunoglobulins, we analyzed the N-glycosylation profiles of the immunoglobulin G (IgG) in this model. Switched-memory B cells were(More)
Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) offer great promise for future regenerative and anti-inflammatory therapies. However, there is a lack of methods to quickly and efficiently isolate, characterize, and ex vivo expand desired cell populations for therapeutic purposes. Single markers to identify cell populations have not been characterized; instead,(More)
Helicobacter pylori is a Gram-negative gastric pathogen causing diseases from mild gastric infections to gastric cancer. The difference in clinical outcome has been suggested to be due to strain differences. H. pylori undergoes phase variation by changing its lipopolysaccharide structure according to the environmental conditions. The O-antigen of H. pylori(More)
Selectin-dependent cell binding has importance in the extravasation of blood-circulating tumor cells and in the generation of metastases. Cell surface glycoproteins decorated with sialylated, fucosylated epitopes, such as sialyl Lewis(x) (sLe(x)), are ligands for selectins. Not only terminal sLe(x) moieties but also proximal core structures contribute to(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic Gram-negative bacterium that causes severe infections in a number of hosts from plants to mammals. A-band lipopolysaccharide of P. aeruginosa contains d-rhamnosylated O-antigen. The synthesis of GDP-D-rhamnose, the d-rhamnose donor in d-rhamnosylation, starts from GDP-D-mannose. It is first converted by the(More)
Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) have the capacity to counteract excessive inflammatory responses. MSCs possess a range of immunomodulatory mechanisms, which can be deployed in response to signals in a particular environment and in concert with other immune cells. One immunosuppressive mechanism, not so well-known in MSCs, is mediated via adenosinergic(More)