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BACKGROUND Brain dopamine neurons code rewarding environmental stimuli by releasing endogenous dopamine, a transmission signal that is important for reinforcement learning. Human reward-seeking gambling behavior, and especially pathological gambling, has been presumed to be modulated by brain dopamine. METHODS Striatal dopamine release was studied with(More)
UNLABELLED It remains unclear how different translocator protein (TSPO) ligands reflect the spatial extent of astrocyte or microglial activation in various neuroinflammatory conditions. Here, we use a reproducible lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced model of acute central nervous system inflammation to compare the binding performance of a new TSPO ligand(More)
[(11)C]PE2I is a novel positron emission tomography (PET) radiotracer for the dopamine transporter (DAT). The reproducibility and reliability of [(11)C]PE2I measurements, especially in the small DAT-rich brain regions, is unknown and of critical importance to the interpretation of the data. Five healthy volunteers were scanned twice during the same day(More)
The human striatum has structural and functional subdivisions, both dorsoventrally and rostrocaudally. To date, the gradients of dopamine D2/3 receptor binding in the human striatum have not been measured with positron emission tomography (PET). Seven healthy male subjects aged 24.5 ± 3.5 years were scanned with brain-dedicated high-resolution research(More)
Updating of working memory has been associated with striato-frontal brain regions and phasic dopaminergic neurotransmission. We assessed raclopride binding to striatal dopamine (DA) D2 receptors during a letter-updating task and a control condition before and after 5 weeks of updating training. Results showed that updating affected DA activity before(More)
We investigated the effects of mobile phone radiation on cerebral glucose metabolism using high-resolution positron emission tomography (PET) with the (18)F-deoxyglucose (FDG) tracer. A long half-life (109 minutes) of the (18)F isotope allowed a long, natural exposure condition outside the PET scanner. Thirteen young right-handed male subjects were exposed(More)
BACKGROUND Impulse control disorders (ICDs) occur frequently in PD patients. METHODS To investigate the possible involvement of the mesostriatal and mesolimbic monoaminergic function in ICDs associated with PD, we examined patients with (n = 10) and without (n = 10) ICDs using the brain [(18) F]fluorodopa PET. RESULTS Patients with ICDs (e.g.,(More)
UNLABELLED There is a great need for the monitoring of microglial activation surrounding multiple sclerosis lesions because the activation of microglia is thought to drive widespread neuronal damage. Recently, second-generation PET radioligands that can reveal the extent of microglial activation by quantifying the increased expression of the 18-kDa(More)
BACKGROUND Frontostriatal and cognitive dysfunctions in Parkinson's disease (PD) are hypothesized to be linked predominately to dopaminergic dysfunction within neural networks linking dorsal striatum to dorsolateral prefrontal cortex. METHODS The authors evaluated the relationship between frontostriatal dopaminergic function and cognitive performance,(More)
Contraction-induced glucose uptake can be imaged and quantified by the use of positron emission tomography (PET). In the human extremities, such data may reveal important information regarding the in vivo mechanical function of e.g. the force transmitting tissues such as tendons. However, to investigate structures of limited size, a PET scanner with high(More)