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The liver X receptor (LXR) agonist TO901317 inhibited the synthesis of apolipoprotein A1 (apo A1) by human liver-derived cells, including the formation of lipid-poor, prebeta-migrating high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Despite activation of the lipid transporter ABCA1 under these conditions, cellular efflux of PL and cholesterol from liver cells was also(More)
Transcriptional regulation of the ATP-binding cassette transporter (ABCA1) gene is complex. It involves multiple transcription start sites and the binding of several different transcription factors to the ABCA1 promoter region. Cholesterol- and oxysterol-mediated up-regulation of ABCA1 transcription includes the binding of the liver X receptor and retinoid(More)
OBJECTIVE Liver X receptor (LXR) is a member of a nuclear receptor family regulating the expression of several key proteins involved in lipid metabolism and inflammation. In contrast to several other nuclear receptors, very little is known about the coactivators needed for the agonist-mediated transactivation by LXR. In this study, we have investigated the(More)
Secreted proteins play a pivotal role in cellular functions. To better understand malignant behavior, we adapted stable isotopic labeling with amino acids in cell culture technology to identify and quantify proteins differentially released into the extracellular media by a pair of normal and malignant breast-cancer cell lines. Approximately 380(More)
OBJECTIVE Liver X receptor (LXR) regulates the transcription of ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) by binding to the DR-4 promoter element as a heterodimer with retinoid X receptor (RXR). The role of chromatin remodeling complex in LXR or ABCA1 activation has not been established previously. In this study, we investigated the activation of ABCA1 by(More)
Phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) participates in key processes in lipoprotein metabolism, including interparticle phospholipid transfer, remodeling of HDL, cholesterol and phospholipid efflux from peripheral tissues, and the production of hepatic VLDL. The impact of PLTP on reverse cholesterol transport suggests that the gene may harbor sequence(More)
The ATP-binding cassette transporter A1 (ABCA1) gene, a major regulator of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism, utilizes several transcriptional start sites. The pattern of transcripts among tissues and cells differed significantly. The longest (class 1) transcripts were abundant in adult brain and fetal tissues. Class 2 transcripts predominated in(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical molecular testing typically batches samples to minimize costs or uses multiplex lab-on-a-chip disposables to analyze a few targets. In genetics, multiple variants need to be analyzed, and different work flows that rapidly analyze multiple loci in a few targets are attractive. METHODS We used a microfluidic platform tailored to rapid(More)
Eight analogs of cholesterol (1) containing a benzophenone group have been synthesized as prospective photoaffinity labels for studies in cellular sterol efflux and HDL formation. Six of these compounds (4-9) have the photophore replacing different portions of the cholesterol alkyl side chain, and two (10 and 11) have it attached via nitrogen at carbon 3.(More)
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