Learn More
Immature hippocampal synapses express presynaptic kainate receptors (KARs), which tonically inhibit glutamate release. Presynaptic maturation involves activity-dependent downregulation of the tonic KAR activity and consequent increase in release probability; however, the molecular mechanisms underlying this developmental process are unknown. Here, we have(More)
BACKGROUND The pharmacology of oxycodone is poorly understood despite its growing clinical use. The discrepancy between its good clinical effectiveness after systemic administration and the loss of potency after spinal administration led the authors to study the pharmacodynamic effects of oxycodone and its metabolites using in vivo and in vitro models in(More)
We studied the effects of the commonly used mu-opioid receptor agonists morphine, oxycodone, methadone and the enantiomers of methadone in thermal and mechanical models of acute pain and in the spinal nerve ligation model of neuropathic pain in rats. Subcutaneous administration of morphine, oxycodone, and methadone produced a dose-dependent antinociceptive(More)
A highly specific Diels-Alder protein catalyst was made by manipulating the antibody repertoire of the immune system. The catalytic antibody 13G5 catalyzes a disfavored exo Diels-Alder transformation in a reaction for which there is no natural enzyme counterpart and that yields a single regioisomer in high enantiomeric excess. The crystal structure of the(More)
BACKGROUND Noroxymorphone is one of the major metabolites of oxycodone. Although oxycodone is commonly used in the treatment of acute and chronic pain, little is known about the antinociceptive effects of noroxymorphone. We present an in vivo pharmacological characterization of noroxymorphone in rats. METHODS The antinociceptive properties of(More)
Retinoid acid receptor-related Orphan Receptor Alpha (RORA) was recently identified as a susceptibility gene for asthma in a genome-wide association study. To investigate the impact of RORA on asthma susceptibility, we performed a genetic association study between RORA single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the vicinity of the asthma-associated SNP(More)
Potent drugs are desperately needed to counteract bacterial biofilm infections, especially those caused by gram-positive organisms, such as Staphylococcus aureus. Moreover, anti-biofilm compounds/agents that can be used as chemical tools are also needed for basic in vitro or in vivo studies aimed at exploring biofilms behavior and functionability. In this(More)
The presence of bovine serum albumin (BSA) largely modulates the enzyme kinetics parameters of the human UDP-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT) 1A9, increasing both the apparent aglycone substrate affinity of the enzyme and its limiting reaction velocity (Drug Metab Dispos 39:2117-2129, 2011). For a better understanding of the BSA effects and an examination of(More)
(-)-Methadone acts as an agonist at opioid receptors. Both (+)- and (-)-enantiomers of methadone have been suggested to be potent non-competitive antagonists of alpha3beta4 neuronal nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs). In the present study, we have examined interactions of methadone with nAChRs by using receptor binding assays, patch-clamp recording(More)
Human UDP-glucuronosyltransferases (UGTs) are important enzymes in metabolic elimination of endo- and xenobiotics. It was recently shown that addition of fatty acid free bovine serum albumin (BSA) significantly enhances in vitro activities of UGTs, a limiting factor in in vitro-in vivo extrapolation. Nevertheless, since only few human UGT enzymes were(More)