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PURPOSE We have previously shown that von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) regulates ubiquitylation and proline 1465 hydroxylation of the large subunit of RNA polymerase II, Rpb1, in human renal clear cell carcinoma (RCC) cell lines. Here, our goal was to determine the effect of this VHL function and the status of P1465 hydroxylation in human RCC tumors. EXPERIMENTAL(More)
Von Hippel-Lindau tumor suppressor (VHL) is lost in the majority of clear cell renal cell carcinomas (ccRCC). Folliculin (FLCN) is a tumor suppressor whose function is lost in Birt-Hogg-Dubé syndrome (BHD), a disorder characterized by renal cancer of multiple histological types including clear cell carcinoma, cutaneous fibrofolliculoma, and pneumothorax.(More)
Cell-surface nucleotidases (NTPDases) contain 10 invariant cysteine residues in their extracellular regions. To investigate disulfide structure in human NTPDase3, we made single and double mutants of these 10 cysteines, and analyzed their enzymatic activity, glycosylation pattern, trafficking to the cell membrane, and sensitivity to reduction. The mutants(More)
Familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a rare primary immunodeficiency disorder characterized by defects in cell-mediated cytotoxicity that results in fever, hepatosplenomegaly, and cytopenias. Familial HLH is well recognized in children but rarely diagnosed in adults. We conducted a retrospective review of genetic and immunologic test results(More)
The NADPH oxidase enzyme complex, NOX2, is responsible for reactive oxygen species production in neutrophils and has been recognized as a key mediator of inflammation. Here, we have performed rational design and in silico screen to identify a small molecule inhibitor, Phox-I1, targeting the interactive site of p67(phox) with Rac GTPase, which is a necessary(More)
Despite having a high degree of sequence similarity, the Rho guanosine triphosphatases Rac1 and Rac2 regulate distinct functions in neutrophils. Here we demonstrate that the unique Rac2 localization and functions in neutrophils are regulated by two separate C-terminal motifs, the hypervariable domain and aspartic acid 150, one of which has not previously(More)
Noroviruses are the major viral pathogens of epidemic acute gastroenteritis affecting people worldwide. They have been found to recognize human histo-blood group antigens as receptors. The P domain of norovirus capsid protein was found to be responsible for binding to viral receptors, and the recombinant P protein forms P dimers and P particles in vitro. In(More)
Human renal clear cell carcinoma (RCC) is frequently associated with loss of the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) tumor suppressor (pVHL), which inhibits ubiquitylation and degradation of the alpha subunits of hypoxia-inducible transcription factor. pVHL also ubiquitylates the large subunit of RNA polymerase II, Rpb1, phosphorylated on serine 5 (Ser5) within the(More)
Noroviruses interact with histo-blood group antigen (HBGA) receptors in a strain-specific manner probably detecting subtle structural differences in the carbohydrate receptors. The specific recognition of types A and B antigens by various norovirus strains is a typical example. The only difference between the types A and B antigens is the acetamide linked(More)
We present here the solution structure for the bisphosphorylated form of the cardiac N-extension of troponin I (cTnI(1-32)), a region for which there are no previous high-resolution data. Using this structure, the X-ray crystal structure of the cardiac troponin core, and uniform density models of the troponin components derived from neutron contrast(More)