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While the first open comparative challenges in the field of paralinguistics targeted more 'conventional' phenomena such as emotion, age, and gender, there still exists a multiplicity of not yet covered, but highly relevant speaker states and traits. The INTERSPEECH 2011 Speaker State Challenge thus addresses two new sub-challenges to overcome the usually(More)
Mood disorders are inherently related to emotion. In particular, the behaviour of people suffering from mood disorders such as unipolar depression shows a strong temporal correlation with the affective dimensions valence, arousal and dominance. In addition to structured self-report questionnaires, psychologists and psychiatrists use in their evaluation of a(More)
This article describes a general framework for detecting sleepiness states on the basis of prosody, articulation, and speech-quality-related speech characteristics. The advantages of this automatic real-time approach are that obtaining speech data is nonobstrusive and is free from sensor application and calibration efforts. Different types of acoustic(More)
This paper describes a promising sleepiness detection approach based on prosodic and spectral speech characteristics and illustrates the validity of this method by briefly discussing results from a sleep deprivation study (N=20). We conducted a within-subject sleep deprivation design (8.00 p.m to 4.00 a.m). During the night of sleep deprivation, a(More)
Alterations in speech motor control in depressed individuals have been found to manifest as a reduction in spectral variability. In this paper we present a novel method for measuring acoustic volume-a model-based measure that is reflective of this decrease in spectral variability-and assess the ability of features resulting from this measure for indexing a(More)
In most cases authors are permitted to post their version of the article (e.g. in Word or Tex form) to their personal website or institutional repository. Authors requiring further information regarding Elsevier's archiving and manuscript policies are encouraged to visit: a b s t r a c t Comparing different novel feature sets and classifiers for speech(More)
Variations in the acoustic space due to changes in speaker mental state are potentially overshadowed by variability due to speaker identity and phonetic content. Using the Audio/Visual Emotion Challenge and Workshop 2013 Depression Dataset we explore the suitability of i-vectors for reducing these latter sources of variability for distinguishing between low(More)
Depression is an affective disorder characterised by psychomotor retardation; in speech, this shows up in reduction of pitch (variation, range), loudness, and tempo, and in voice qualities different from those of typical modal speech. A similar reduction can be observed in sleepy speech (relaxation). In this paper, we employ a small group of acoustic(More)
Traumatic Brain Injury. ● Relationship provisions, self-efficacy and youth well-being in military families. ● Relationship provisions, self-efficacy and youth well-being in military families. ● Longitudinal determinants of mental health treatment-seeking by US soldiers. and depressive symptoms. ● Meta-analysis of risk factors for secondary traumatic stress(More)