Jareen Meinzen-Derr

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Sexual behavior following voluntary HIV counseling and testing (VCT) is described in 963 cohabiting heterosexual couples with one HIV positive and one HIV negative partner ('discordant couples'). Biological markers were used to assess the validity of self-report. METHODS Couples were recruited from a same-day VCT center in(More)
UNLABELLED This study compared production of IL-2, IFN-gamma, IL-4, IL-13, IL-5 and IL-10 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells from 20 children with autism spectrum disorder to those from matched controls. Levels of all Th2 cytokines were significantly higher in cases after incubation in media alone, but the IFN-gamma/IL-13 ratio was not significantly(More)
Premature infants are at unique risk for developing acute kidney injury (AKI) due to incomplete nephrogenesis, early exposure to nephrotoxic medications, and coexisting conditions such as patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) and respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Unfortunately, laboratory testing for the diagnosis of AKI in this population is problematic(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the association between maternal milk levels of 2-linked fucosylated oligosaccharide and prevention of diarrhea as a result of Campylobacter, caliciviruses, and diarrhea of all causes in breast-fed infants. STUDY DESIGN Data and banked samples were analyzed from 93 breast-feeding mother-infant pairs who were prospectively studied(More)
Objective:To determine the association between human milk (HM) intake and risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) or death among infants 401 to 1000 g birth weight.Study Design:Analysis of 1272 infants in the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Network Glutamine Trial was performed to determine if increasing HM intake was(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the outcomes after prolonged empirical antibiotic administration to premature infants in the first week of life, and concluding subsequent late onset sepsis (LOS), necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), and death. STUDY DESIGN Study infants were ≤ 32 weeks gestational age and ≤ 1500 g birth weight who survived free of sepsis and NEC for(More)
Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy is a common cause of neurological complications resulting in chronic handicapping conditions, such as cerebral palsy. Amplitude-integrated electroencephalography (EEG) has been used in many European countries for more than a decade in the evaluation of infants with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy but has not been widely used(More)
BACKGROUND This is an update of a Cochrane Review first published in The Cochrane Library in Issue 1, 2003.Tonsillectomy continues to be one of the most common surgical procedures performed worldwide. Despite advances in anesthetic and surgical techniques, post-tonsillectomy morbidity remains a significant clinical problem. OBJECTIVES To assess the(More)
OBJECTIVE Because most internationally adopted children come from areas of high tuberculosis prevalence, an initial tuberculin skin test is recommended after arrival to the United States. We evaluated whether repeat testing of children >or=3 months after arrival to the United States would identify additional children with latent tuberculosis infection. (More)
OBJECTIVE The study goal was to determine the prevalence and clinical significance of a large vestibular aqueduct (LVA) in children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING We conducted a retrospective review of a pediatric SNHL database. One hundred seven children with SNHL were selected and their radiographic and audiometric(More)