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Acute exposure to cold stress has been shown to impair short-term, or working, memory, which may be related to reduction in, or disruption of, sustained release of brain catecholamines. Administering a supplemental dose of the catecholamine precursor tyrosine may alleviate cold stress-induced memory impairments by preventing cold-induced deficits in brain(More)
In the presence of low-intensity pulsed microwave radiation, at an average power density of 1 milliwatt per square centimeter, the response-rate-increasing effects of chlordiazepoxide were potentiated in rats. The behavioral effects of a drug can be modified by brief exposure to a low-level microwave field even when the radiation level alone has no apparent(More)
Previous studies indicate that tyrosine may prove useful in promoting improved performance in situations in which performance is compromised by stress. To extend the generality of previous tyrosine findings, the present study examined the effects of tyrosine ingestion on performance during both a Multiple Task and a Simple Task battery. The multiple task(More)
The present study demonstrates that operant behavior is affected by a combination of a 60-Hz magnetic field and a magnetostatic field 2.6 X 10(-5) T (about half the geomagnetic field). Rats exposed to this combination for 30 min consistently exhibited changes in the rate and pattern of responding during the differential reinforcement of low rate (DRL)(More)
Exposure to cold stress has been shown to impair short-term, or working, memory which may be related to a reduction in brain catecholamines. Administration of the catecholamine precursor tyrosine may alleviate a cold-stress-induced memory impairment by preventing a deficit in brain catecholamine levels. To test this hypothesis, eight rats performed a(More)
Exposure to moderate, nonhypothermic cold temperature has been reported to affect a variety of behavioral and neural functions. To elucidate the effects of mild cold stress on short-term (working) memory, Long-Evans rats were exposed to an ambient temperature of either 2 degrees or 23 degrees C while performing a delayed matching task. At the beginning of(More)
To study effects of moderate cold (5 degrees C) on complex cognitive performance, subjects were exposed to cold while responding on a conditional discrimination task. The task required a correct choice of which of two simultaneously presented matrices matched a previously presented sample matrix. The effects of task performance in cold and ambient(More)
In order to study the effects of temperature changes induced by cold stress on working memory, telemetry thermistor probes were implanted into the hippocampal region of the brain and into the peritoneal cavity of rats. Temperatures in these regions were monitored while rats performed on a delayed matching-to-sample (DMTS) task at ambient temperatures of 23(More)
The acute effects of microwave exposure on a repeated acquisition baseline were investigated in three rats. Each session the animals acquired a different four-member response sequence. Each of the first three correct responses advanced the sequence to the next member, and the fourth correct response produced food reinforcement. Incorrect responses produced(More)